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Vincent van Gogh
Terms in this set (14)
What did he use to determine the mood and color of his paintings?
He used colors to express his feelings, and his moods often got the better of him. His pictures often tell us about his feelings.
Was van Gogh well known in his time? Were his paintings highly sought for?
Unfortunately, no one wanted to buy his paintings back then. For that reason his brother Theo, who was an art painter in Paris, always had to support him. During his lifetime van Gogh was best known by young artists. Only after his death did he become really famous.
What is the story behind his painting, "Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear"? When was it painted, and where is it today?
Following a violent argument with his artist friend Paul Gauguin, van Gogh was so angry that he cut off part of his left ear, and painted a self-portrait of himself. It was painted in 1889, and now hangs in the Courtauld Institute Galleries in London.
What is van Gogh's painting style?
Van Gogh did not paint things exactly as they looked. He exaggerated the colors or even changed them. In his pictures we can see the powerful brushstrokes very clearly.
Why did Vincent set off for the South of France?
He wanted to live and work in peace in a place where the light makes the colors glow. He rented a yellow house in the town of Arles. Vincent planned to make his dream come true and lead the life of an artist.
Why did he paint so many paintings of sunflowers?
Sunflowers were van Gogh's favorite flowers. He was looking forward to Gauguin's arrival in Arles and excitedly prepared everything for his friend's stay. He painted pictures to decorate the guest bedroom. He painted four pictures in rapid succession, and another three the following year.
What is significant with his color choice in his painting "Sunflowers", painted in 1888?
The cold turquoise in the background increases the effect of the warm yellow tones of the flowers.
In "The Bedroom" painted in 1888, how do the complementary colors effect the result of the painting?
He chose various complementary colors for the painting. They make the picture glow, and at the same time give it a sense of balance.
Why is the bandage in van Gogh's self-portrait on the right?
Van Gogh probably painted his self-portrait in front of a mirror; that is why you see him the wrong way around.
What was van Gogh's painting style, and what did these types of paintings typically show?
His painting style is Late Impressionism. Late Impressionism began in about 1880, when painters like van Gogh and Paul Gauguin became less and less interested in painting the world as it really is.
What was his importance in the world of art, and what did these paintings typically show?
He was the forerunner of Expressionism. Expressionist painting doesn't portray the external appearance of objects. Instead, it aims to bring out their true being or the painter's own view. That is why Expressionist painters like van Gogh changed the forms of things and used intensive colors.
Where and when was he born?
March 30, 1853 in Groot-Zundert, Brabant, The Netherlands.
Where did he live?
Paris, London, The Hague, Antwerp, and Arles amongst other places.
When did he die? Why?
July 29, 1890. He was incurably mentally ill, and in 1890 he committed suicide.
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