21 terms

Freudian Terms

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free association
In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing.
psychoanalysis
Freud's theory of personality that attributes to our thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions.
unconscious
according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, feelings, wishes, and memories. Unaware processing
id
contains a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that according to Freud strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. Operates n the pleasure principle.
Preconscious area
A temporary storage area for thoughts which we can retrieve into conscious awareness.
repress
forcibly block from our consciousness due to being too unsettling to acknowledge
latent content
dreamer's unconscious wishes
ego
the largely conscious part of personality that mediates among the demands of the id, superego and reality. Operates on the reality principle
superego
the part of personality that according to Freud represent internalized ideals and provides standards for judgement and for future aspirations.
Psychosexual stages
the childhood stages of development during which, according to Freud, the id's pleasure seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones.
Oedipus complex
According to Freud, a boy's sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father
identification
the process by which according to Freud, children incorporate their parent's valuses into their developing superegos
gender identity
our sense of being male or female
fixation
according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure seeking energies at an earlier psycho sexual state where conflicts were unresolved
defense mechanisms
the ego's protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality
represion
the basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety arousing thoughts feelings and memories from consciousness
regression
retreating to an earlier more infantile stage of development
reaction formation
psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which the ego unconsciously switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites
projection
psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others.
rationalization
defense mechanism that offers self justifying explanations in place of the real more threatening unconscious reasons for one's actions.
displacement
psychoanalytic defense mechanism that shifts sexual or aggressive impulses toward a more acceptable or less threatening object or person.
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