46 terms

Constitutional Review

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George Washington
Who was the president of the Constitutional Convention?
Ratify
to officially approve
The Articles created a weak central government that had little control over the actions of individual state governments
Why were the Articles of Confederation ineffective in solving internal problems that existed in the U.S?
It showed Americans the weaknesses of the Confederation government
What was the significance of Shays' Rebellion?
Bill of Rights
What did it take to get non-supporters of the Constitution to ratify it?
3/5 Compromise
Allowing the slave trade to exist for 20 years after the creation of the Constitution, and every 5 slaves as 3 people toward a state's population are both a part of which compromise?
The Mayflower Compact
Which of the following documents represents one of the first attempts at self-government in the English colonies?
Great Compromise
Established a bicameral legislature, where one house would be an equal number in all states, and the other house would be based on a states' population. What does the previous sentence describe?
Bicameral
A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
Established the first national government of the U.S.
What was the significance of the Articles of Confederation?
Federalists
What group were in full support of the Constitution?
Anti-Federalists
What group were completely against the constitution?
4th Amendment
Protection against Unreasonable Search and Seizure
Federalism
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Delegated
Altering the price of a postage stamp is part of which type of power?
reserved powers
Powers given to the state government alone
concurrent powers
Powers held jointly by the national and state governments.
1st Amendment
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition
acquitted
found not guilty
5th Amendment
The Right to Remain Silent/no Double Jeopardy, right to due process
Double Jeopardy
Trial or punishment for the same crime by the same government; forbidden by the constitution
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Approving federal judges
How is the Legislative Branch able to watch the actions of the Judicial Branch?
Veto Bills
What is the way the Executive Branch can watch Congress?
Separation of Powers
dividing the powers of government among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches
Popular Sovereignty
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
Carry out the laws
The Executive Branch does what?
Legislative Branch
the branch of government that makes the laws
Judicial Branch
Branch of government that decides if laws are carried out fairly.
2/3 of the House of Representatives approve
2/3 of the Senate approve
3/4 of all the states apporve
Which actions must occur before an amendment can be passed?
The Virginia Plan
The Great Compromise
The New Jersey Plan
What 3 plans were proposed to solve the issue of representation in government?
Power of the central government
Slavery
Representation in government
What were the 3 key issues that had to be resolved at the Constitutional Convention?
No executive branch, No system of checks and balances, No ability to enforce laws, No judicial brach
Indicate which of the following were weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
James Madison
"Father of the Constitution," Federalist leader, and fourth President of the United States.
Thomas Jefferson
Author of the Declaration of Independence
3rd President of the United States
Secretary
an official in charge of a department of government
Alexander Hamilton
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
Henry Knox
Secretary of War
Judicial Act of 1789
This act established a federal court system with 13 districts courts and 3 circuit courts. State law would remain, but federal courts would have the power to reverse state decisions.
Jay's Treaty
Treaty signed in 1794 between the U.S. And Britain in which Britain sought to improve trade relations and agreed to withdraw from forts in the northwest territory
Pickney's Treaty
It resolved territorial disputes between America & Spain and granted American ships the right to free navigation of the Mississippi River as well as duty-free transport through the port of New Orleans, then under Spanish control.
Whiskey Rebellion
1794 protest against the government's tax on whiskey by back country farmers
John Adams
America's first Vice-President
Secretary of Treasury
Collects taxes, prints money, deals with the nation's finances
Secretary of War
Defends the nation
Secretary of State
Deals with foreign affairs. Keeps relations high with other countries.

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