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100 terms

Unit 2 Lessons 8-14

STUDY
PLAY
abate
(v) to lessen in violence or intensity
decorum
(n) conformity to accepted standards of conduct; proper behavior
abhor
(v) to detest; to hate strongly
dole
(v) to distribute; to give out sparingly
gamut
(n) the whole range or extent
extrovert
(n) one who is outgoing; one who is energized rather than drained by interactions with others
droll
(adj) amusing in an odd or whimsical way
duplicity
(n) intentional deceit in speech or conduct
effigy
(n) a crude dummy or image representing a hated person or group
austere
(adj) stern; severe; plain
emulate
(v) to strive to be equal to; to imitate
sere
(adj) dry and withered
enhance
(v) to increase the value or beauty of something
contrite
(adj) feeling regret for having committed some wrongdoing
magnanimous
(adj) noble; generous in forgiving; free from petty feelings or acts
enunciate
(v) to state clearly and distinctly; to pronounce
collaborate
(v) to work with another toward a goal
impound
( v) to confine; to retain in legal custody
impeccable
(adj) faultless; without sin or blemish
evoke
(v)to summon forth
inane
(adj) without sense or meaning; silly
unctuous
(adj) exaggeratedly or insincerely polite
expatriate
(n) someone who chooses to live outside of, or renounce, his or her native country
frowzy
(adj) unkempt; slovenly in appearance
heinous
(adj) hatefully or shockingly evil
expound
(v) to explain in detail; to clarify
cajole
(v) to persuade with false promises and flattery
inscrutable
(adj) not easily understood; hard to fathom
balk
(v) to refuse stubbornly or abruptly; to stop short and refuse to go on
acrimony
(n) ill-natured, bitter hostility
dour
(adj) stern and ill-humored
exult
(v) to rejoice; to feel triumphant
omniscient
(adj) having unlimited knowledge; all-knowing
feasible
(adj) reasonable; capable of being carried out
fiasco
(n) a complete, ridiculous failure
me'tier
(n) the work one is especially suited for; one's specialty; an occupation
fluctuate
(v) to rise and fall; to vary irregularly
harry
(v) to annoy or harass
incognito
(adj) disguised; pretending not to be oneself
lethargy
(n) lack of energy; sluggishness
epistle
(n) a letter or literary composition in letter form
avid
(adj) enthusiastic; extremely interested
gadfly
(n) an irritating and persistent person
humility
(n) absence of vanity; humbleness
dolorous
(adj) exhibiting sorrow or pain
gargantuan
(adj) of huge or extraordinary size and power
arduous
(adj) difficult; requiring much effort
affable
(adj) friendly; agreeable; easy to talk to
gradiloquent
(adj) pompus or high-flown in speech
agrarian
(adj) concerning farms, farmers, or the use of land
grimace
(n) a facial expression of fear, disapproval, or pain
harangue
(n) a long, strongly expressed speech or lecture/ Syn: tirade
formidable
(adj) arousing fear or awe
sychophant
(n) a flatterer, one who fauns on others in order to gain favor/Syn.toady
explicit
(adj) clearly and openly stated; leaving nothing to the imagination
altercation
(n) a heated argument
lexicon
(n) a dictionary; a specialized vocabulary used in a particular field or place
hue
(n) a particular shade of a given color
galvanize
(v) to startle into sudden activity
sanction
(n) permission; support
hyperbole
(n) extreme exaggeration for effect and not meant to be taken literally
ominous
(adj) threatening; foreboding evil
audacity
(n) rude boldness; nerve
evince
(v) to demonstrate clearly; to prove
implacable
adj. unable to be appeased or pacified
exhort
(v) to urge on with stirring words
incarcerate
(v) to put into prison; to confine
incisive
(adj) sharp; keen; cutting straight to the heart of the matter
expedient
(adj) practical; providing an immediate advantage
pertinent
(adj) having to do with the subject at hand; relevant
inert
(adj) unable to act or move; inactive; sluggish
circumvent
(v) to get around; to bypass
clandestine
(adj) secret
acquit
(v)to find not guilty of a fault or crime
deprecate
(v)to express disapproval of
barrister
(n)lawyer (British)
adulation
(n) excessive praise or admiration
culinary
(adj) having to do with the kitchen or cooking
bawdy
(adj) indecent; humorously obscene
chastise
(v) to punish severely
jocose
(adj) joking, humorous
myriad
(n) very large number
latent
(adj) present, but not active; hidden
pernicious
(adj) destructive; deadly
frugal
(adj) thrifty; economical in money matters
levity
(n) lightness of disposition; lack of seriousness
hoax
(n) a practical joke; a trick
amicable
(adj) friendly; peaceable
obstreperous
(adj) aggressively boisterous; stubborn and defiant
enraptured
(adj) delighted beyond measure
marital
(adj) having to do with marriage
bask
(v) to expose oneself to pleasant warmth
genial
(adj) friendly; amiable
charlatan
(n) one who pretends to have knowledge in order to swindle others
mundane
(adj) commonplace; earthly and not spiritual
fickle
(adj) likely to change on a whim or without apparent reason
juggernaut
(n) a terrible, destructive, or irresistible force
naive
(adj) simple in outlook; not affected or worldly; especially innocent
nocturnal
(adj) having to do with the night; occuring at night
novice
(n) a beginner; one who is inexperienced

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