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FM2335 Exam 3
Terms in this set (24)
How does Kimmel view gender in the form of a social construct?
He believes it should not be seen in a negative perspective because it gives men the agency to make own decision.
replaces the despondent resignation
According to David Leverenz, ideologies of manhood have functioned in relation to what?
the gaze of male peers and male authority
What are markers of manhood
wealth, power, status, and sexy women
According to David Mamet
women stand in a low position on the social ladder of the country in the minds of men
Women serve as
currency that men use to improve their rank on their masculine social scale
an organizing principle of our cultural definition of manhood
the fear that other men will unmask male, emasculate, and reveal to the world as unfit of manhood
beyond the fear of gay men or fear of being perceived as gay
The term f*ggot typically means
a man who seems sissy, untough or uncool (no correlation with homosexual)
What do men fear the most
What is the most evident marker of manhood
Minorities in manhood
Italians, Jewish, Irish, Africans, and Natives were seen as unmanly for their different culture traits
What is masculinity
a defensive effort to prevent being emasculated
Where is the institutional expression of power often shown?
shown through state & national legislatures, on the boards of directors, in major corporation law firms, and in hospital administration
women's fear of men & empowerment of women to confront it both publicly and privately
Feminism views masculinity as
the drive for domination, power, and conquest
Author advocates how feminist see themselves as powerless "men's feeling are not the feeling of powerful but of those who see themselves as powerless"
What is manhood frightened of
equality & ensures the male competition remains against all newcomers (women, gays, etc.)
The hoodie symbolizes
a folk demon, scapegoat, political symbol, and a moving target
Ex1: Beyoncé showcases black child as a criminal disarming a rank of riot police with a hooded sweatshirt
Ex2: Boxer in the movie Creed is showcased with a gray hoodie as a symbol of his thug lifestyle
What was initial intent for the hoodie?
created by Champion for football players to keep warm while on the sidelines, then attracted men working outdoors, and eventually fell into trend with guys who wear their hats backwards
Stigma of the hoodie
are considered a wardrobe staple of criminal class in which creates racial profiling
The argument in favor of the hoodie
hoodies represent a rejection of old ideas and openness to new ones
Who can wear a hoodie without challenge?
White upperclass males
What did the experiment surrounding clothing and date rape discover
-presented to 352 high school students to investigate the effect of the victim's clothing on the judgments of date rape:
* subjects were 173 males & 179 females (all seniors in high school)
* 3 displays for judgement- photograph of the victim dressed proactively, photograph of the victim dressed conservatively, and no photograph
* those who viewed the victim dressed proactively justified the rape & were less likely to judge the act as unwanted than those who viewed the victim dressed conservatively or saw no photo
How many college women experience rape?
What influences perceptions of victim's responsibility in rape?
emotional expressiveness, physical attractiveness, respectability, and clothing worn at the time of rape
What did research believe that young adults believe about sex
Researches indicated that young adults believe forced sex is acceptable under certain circumstance
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