How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

25 terms

Hormones

Definitions of Hormones (Target and Effect)
STUDY
PLAY
Releasing and Inhibiting Factors
Regulated by Hypothalamus, target the Anterior Pituitary
Growth Hormone
Increases Bone and Muscle growth, and Cell turnover rate
Prolactin
Targets Mammary gland for Milk production
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
Tropic hormone, targets Thyroid, synthesis and release of TH
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
Tropic hormone, growth and secretory activity of adrenal cortex
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
Gonadotropic, targets ovary and testes for ovulation and testosterone synthesis
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Gonadotropic, targets ovary and testes, follicle development/spermatogenesis
Antidiuretic Hormone/Vasopressin (ADH)
targets Kidney for water retention
Oxytocin
target breast and uterus, milk letdown and uterine contraction
Thyroxine/ Thyroid Hormone (TH)
In children necessary for mental and physical development. In adults increases metabolic rate and temperature
Calcitonin
targets bone and kidney, lowers calcium in serum
Pituitary Thyroid Hormone (PTH)
targets bone, kidney, small intestine, increases calcium in serum
Thymosin
T cell development during childhood
Epinephrine
Sympathetic stress response
Cortisol/Glucocorticoid
Long term stress response; increase blood glucose, increase protein catabolism, decrease inflammation and immunity
Aldosterone
Targets kidney, increase sodium reabsorption to increase blood pressure
Sex Steroids
adrenal tumour can overproduce, causing masculinization or feminization. Otherwise not important
Insulin
Increase uptake of Glucose from blood to be stored as glycogen. (Lower blood glucose level, increase glycogen and fat storage)
Glucagon
Increase blood glucose levels, decrease glycogen and fat storage
Somatostatin
inhibit digestive processes
Testosterone
male characteristics, spermatogenesis
Estrogen
female characteristics, endometrial growth
Progesterone
Endometrial secretion/ pregnancy
Atrial Natriuretic Factor (ANF)
targets kidney to increase urination to decrease blood pressure
Erythropoetin
target bone marrow to increase RBC synthesis