32 terms

Unit 4- The Geography of Religion

animistic religion
the beleif that inanimate objects, such as hills, trees, rocks, rivers, and other elements of natural landscape, possess souls and can help or hinder human efforts on Earth
monotheistic religion
religions that believe and worship one god
polytheistic religion
Religions that worship more than one God
ethnic religion
a religion identified with a particular ethnic group and largely exclusive to it
universal religion
religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those who live in a particular location
syncretic religion
separate religions that combine into a new religion; often borrow from the past and the present.
traditional religion
a religion that has originality and is not modernized
a doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations
Caste System
a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity
lowest class of people in the caste system of Hinduism, do all the dirty work of society
the force generated by a person's actions that determines how the person will be reborn in the next life
embodiment in a new form (especially the reappearance or a person in another form)
a member of the highest of the four Hindu varnas
a policy for establishing and developing a national homeland for Jews in Palestine
the dispersion of the Jews outside Israel
One of the two main ethnic groups within Jewish Culture.
cultural tradition made up of descendants of Jews who moved to Spain and Potugal in Western Europe
A group of Islamic religion that believes that its religious leader should be chosen based on heredity.
A branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad
Religious fundamentalism
religious movement whose objectives are to return to the foundations of the faith and to influence state policy
Interfaith boundary
The boundaries between the world's major faiths.
Intrafaith boundary
The boundaries within a major religion.
a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
Sharia Religious Law
system of Islamic law that is based on the Quran
Ethnic cleansing
the mass expulsion and killing of one ethic or religious group in an area by another ethnic or religious group in that area
the classification of being male or female
the act of certifying or bestowing a franchise on
Longevity gap
the gap between the life expectancy of men and women
Maternal mortality rate
Number of deaths per thousand of women giving birth.
Female infanticide
the intentional killing of baby girls due to the preference for male babies and from the low value associated with the birth of females
Dowry deaths
the bride is brutally beat or killed for her fathers failure to fulfill the marriage agreement
Female genitalia mutilation
Complete or partial removal of the clitora on girls under the age of eleven.