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Terms in this set (30)
Region of India that is geographically isolated from the rest of India and developed very differently as a result.
Social organization developed in Ancient India in which groups of people are divided into distinct social classes.
The name for the form of writing used in early Indian civilization.
Strong central fortress found in Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa.
What river is considered by Hindus as holy and capable of purifying the soul by washing/bathing in it?
Fulfilling one's "right moral duty" in this life is called:
A belief that one's position in this life reflects what one did (or did not do) in a previous life is called:
Large body of religious texts said to be the oldest scriptures of Hinduism that were divinely revealed to the ancients.
Highest social group in India that enjoyed the highest position because they knew the sacred Hindu texts.
Lowest social group in India. Technically not part of the caste system.
According to Buddhist teachings, the cause of suffering is:
The major religion of India from the Gupta period through the modern era is:
Founder of Buddhism.
The twin cities of the Indus Valley Civilization were Mohenjo-Daro and
About 1750 BC (BCE) northern India was overrun by invaders called the:
A large area of land separated from the rest of a continent by geographic features.
A strong wind in India which brings heavy rains in the summer and drought conditions in the winter
Himalayan Mountain Range
Natural Barrier between India and Asia
A religion native to India, featuring belief in many gods and reincarnation
LOWEST LEVEL OF INDIAN SOCIETY; not considered a real part of the caste system; often given degrading jobs; their life was extremely difficult
In Hinduism and Buddhism, the process by which a soul is reborn continuously until it achieves perfect understanding
A Hindu holy book
A single spiritual power that Hindus believe lives in everything
A belief system based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, which stress freeing oneself from worldly desires.
Indus River Valley
River Valley along the Indus River that flooded each year depositing fresh silt and making it easy to farm.
Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa
Major planned cities of the Indus Valley civilization; both of which flourished around 2000 B.C.E.
cities built according to a design
The Four Noble Truths
1. Life is Suffering . 2. The Cause of Suffering is Desire 3. Eliminate the desire become totally attached from our likes and dislikes. 4. Apply 8-fold Path
The Eightfold Path
In Buddhism, the basic rules of behavior and belief leading to an end of suffering
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