Absolutism, Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment

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Terms in this set (...)

Absolute Monarchy
A government in which the king or queen has absolute power.
Divine Right of Kings
the belief that the authority of kings comes directly from God
Absolutism
Increased taxes and growth of armies was a result of....
Peter the Great of Russia
Tried to westernize Russia and built a new capital at St. Petersburg
Louis XIV of France
"Sun King", absolute monarch of France, built Palace of Versailles, revoked Edict of Nantes
Edict of Nantes
1598 - Granted the Huguenots liberty of conscience and worship.
wealth and power
Louis XIV use the arts to show what?
wars and the building of the Palace of Versailles
What nearly bankrupted France under Louis XIV?
Cultural capital of Europe
France became the _______________under Louis XIV
Jean Baptiste Colbert
An economic advisor to Louis XIV; he supported mercantilism and tried to make France economically self-sufficient. Brought prosperity to France.
English Civil War (1642-1649)
Armed conflict between royalists and parliamentarians, resulting in the victory of pro-Parliament forces and the execution of Charles I.
Glorious Revolution
the overthrow of King James II of England to show power of parliament to limit the king
Constitutional Monarchy
A King or Queen is the official head of state but power is limited by a constitution.
Copernicus
Heliocentric theory
Heliocentric Theory
the idea that the earth and the other planets revolve around the sun.
Galileo Galilei
This scientist proved Copernicus' theory that the sun was the center of the solar system. He used a telescope.
Scientific Method
Created during the Scientific Revolution, it was a systematic, "scientific" way to prove or disprove something through research, data, and observation.
Voltaire
French philosopher. He believed that freedom of speech was the best weapon against bad government. He also spoke out against the corruption of the French government, and the intolerance of the Catholic Church.
John Locke
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right of Kings and who asserted that people have a natural right to life, liberty, and property.
Montesquieu
French political philosopher who advocated the "separation powers" into executive and legislative and judicial branches
Mary Wallstonecraft
Enlightenment philosopher who encouraged equality and women's rights
Enlightenment
a movement that emphasized science and reason as guides to help understand the world and promote new ideas if government and equality.
Peter the Great and Russian Westernization
Palace of Versailles
Absolute Monarchy
Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp - shows importance of knowledge during the Enlightenment
Baroque Art - light, action, drama!