Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Internal Disorders II Test III
Terms in this set (46)
What disease presents with hepatic abnormalities that are more problematic than the kidney problems?
Autosomal recessive polycystic disease
What is a multi-system disorder that commonly results in intracranial aneurysm which can cause stroke and intracranial hemorrhage?
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease
What are pre-renal causes of acute renal failure?
Hypoperfusion due to low blood pressure and ischemia
What is the most concerning complication of congenital abnormalities?
Obstruction, Infection, and Stone formation
Patient presents post-URTI and presents with joint pain, malar rash, and dark urine. Diagnosis?
What condition is categorized by hematuria, oliguria, HTN, and edema?
What is the most common cause of glomerulonephritis in young (15-30) Asian pacific males?
IgA nephropathy (Berger's disease)
Patient presents 1-4 weeks after a strep infection with HTN and smoky-brown urine. Diagnosis?
What are the two most common causes of chronic kidney disease?
HTN and diabetes
What disease is characterized by 3 month progression of kidney damage?
Chronic kidney disease
What symptoms are associated with chronic kidney disease?
All of the above (anemia, polyneuropathies, CNS distrubances)
A child presents with full blown nephrotic syndrome. What should be at the top of your differential?
Minimal change disease
Patient presents post-URTI and now complains of chest pain and heart murmur. Diagnosis?
Patient presents with fever, anorexia, purpura, and liver racemose. What should be at the top of your differential?
What condition is characterized by necrotizing granulomatous lesions of respiratory tract?
Child presents with cataracts and sensorineural deafness. Diagnosis?
What disease is predominately seen in young, white, male smokers?
Benign prostatic hyperplasia and kidney stones are common causes of what type of acute failure?
What condition is characterized by ischemia that is prolonged over 6 hours?
Acute tubular necrosis
What condition presents with damage to skeletal muscle and breakdown of the fibers that lead to the release of myoglobin in the blood?
Sexually active female presents with costovertebral angle tenderness, fever, and chills. Diagnosis?
What condition is caused by parenchymal scarring, recurring infections, obstructions, and reflux nephropathy?
What are common signs and symptoms of chronic pyelonephritis?
HTN, frequency/dysuria, and flank pain
Tumor lysis syndrome is the most common cause of what condition?
Acute urate nephropathy
What is caused by vitamin D toxicity, cancer, hyperparathyroidism, and is associated with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus?
What is a common cause of hypokalemia?
What is a common cause of chronic urate nephropathy?
A child presents with signs of delayed learning and pseudolines upon imaging. What does this indicate?
What condition is classically characterized by the presence of bence jones proteins?
Which type of patient would need to be screen for RAS?
All of the above (onset of HTN less than 30 years old, severe HTN over 55, malignant HTN, accelerated HTN, sudden unexplained pulmonary edema
What is the triad of hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute kidney injury indicative of?
Thrombotic microangiopathies (hemolytic uremic syndrome)
What condition is due to longstanding essential HTN?
A 64 year old male presents with painful right sided mass and hematuria but no change in urine. Diagnosis?
Renal cell carcinoma
A child presents with a non-tender abdominal mass and HTN. What is at the top of your differential.
What disease is commonly caused by an allergic reaction to a medication and presents with a rash and arthalgia?
Acute drug induced interstitial nephritis
Patient presents post stroke with reduced desire to urinate and difficulty stopping micturition once started. Diagnosis?
Lesion of the superior frontal gyrus
Postmenopausal woman presents with involuntary leak of small amounts of urine when she coughs or sneezes. Diagnosis?
What is the cause of hyperexcitability/inflammation of the lower urinary tract from infection or stones. Diagnosis?
What is the most common cause of acute urinary retention in men?
Benign prostatic hyperplasia
When are kidney stones most prevalent?
In the summer
Struvite stones are due to what?
What type of UTI presents when the urinary tract is not sterilized during therapy?
What condition is described as gonococcal or non-gonococcal and presents with dysuria and cloudy pee that smells weird?
What is the most significant risk factor in regard to bladder cancer?
What is the most common complication of kidney hypoplasia?
Sets found in the same folder
Internal Disorders II Exam 4
Internal Disorders II Exam II
Internal Disorders II Final
Internal Disorders II (Mannello) Exam 1
Sets with similar terms
Internal Disorders 2 - Exam 3
Internal Disorders II Exam 3
Internal Disorders: Exam 3
Other sets by this creator
Physical Exam Indications/Verbal Component
NBCE part 3 & 4 Radiographic Keywords
Pharm Tox Exam 2
Other Quizlet sets
Exam #3 Biology
EDPS FINAL EXAM
Bio 110 Test 4
2.6.R - Lesson: Lee and Davis Differ on Strategy &…