27 terms

Unit 1 Principles of American Democracy

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Terms in this set (...)

Democracy
Government made by the people.
Direct Democracy
Is a form of democracy in which people decide policy initiatives directly.
Representative Democracy
Is a system of government in which all eligible citizens vote on representatives to pass laws for them.
Republic
A state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them.
Monarchy
Supreme power or sovereignty held by a single person.
Social Contract
An implicit agreement among the members of a society to cooperate for social benefits, for example by sacrificing some individual freedom for state protection.
Federalism
A system of government in which the powers of government are divided between the national government, which governs the whole country, and the state governments, which govern the people of each state.
Separation of Powers
The distribution of political power among the branches of government, giving each branch a particular set of responsibilities.
Legislative Branch
The law making branch of government.
Executive Branch
The branch of government that carries out the laws.
Judicial Branch
The branch of government that interprets the laws and punished lawbreakers.
3 Examples of Reserved Powers
Education; grant license; provide law and fire protection.
3 Examples of Delegated Powers
The power to coin money;
Regulate commerce with foreign nations;
Regulate interstate commerce.
3 Examples of Concurrent Powers
Levying taxes; crimes and punishment; build roads.
Electoral College
The group of electors that casts the official votes that elect the president and Vice President.
Pocket Veto
A means by which the president can reject a bill, when Congress is not in session, by not signing it.
Civil Rights
The rights guaranteed to all U.S. citizens.
2 Civic Duties
Taxes; upholding the law.
2 Civic Resposiblites
Paying taxes; following the law.
3 main goals of socialism
1. Equal distribution of wealth and economic opportunity.
2. Society's control, through government, of all major decisions about production.
3. Public ownership of land, factories, and other means of production.
Divine Right
Belief that a rulers authority comes directly from god.
4 theories of the origin of the state
force, evolutionary, divine right, social contract
4 essential features of a state
1. Population
2. Territory
3. Sovereignty
4. Government
4 purposes of government
maintain social order, provide public services, provide national security, make economic decisions
Karl Marx
founder of modern communism
Bourgeoisie
middle class
Proletariat
working class
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