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36 terms

exam 11/12/10 #2

STUDY
PLAY
what is the abbreviation for an x-ray of the renal pelvis and urinary tract after injecting dye into a vein?
I V P (intravenous pyelogram)
what best describes an MRI
sagittal, frontal, and cross sectional images are produced using magnetic and radiowaves
what best describes a barium enema?
metallic powder is introduced to the large intestine and x-rays are taken
what is true of a radiopaque substance?
absorbs most of the x-rays it is exposed to
medical term of an x-ray to show an organ in depth
tomography
what best characterizes a CT scan?
uses ionizing x-rays and a computer to produce a transverse image of the body organs
RADIOPAQUE
obstructing the passage of x-rays
RADIOLUCENT
permitting the passage of x-rays
SONOGRAPHER
aids physicians in performing ultrasound procedures
RADIOISOTOPE
radioactive element that gives off energy in the form of radiation
RADIOPHARMACEUTICAL
radioactive drug that is administered for diagnostic purposes
IONIZATION
transformation of stable subsatnces into charged particles
RADIOLOGIST
a physician who specializes in diagnostic radiology
medical term for a lateral curvature of the spine.
scoliosis
medical term for a bone that is normally in contact with a joint but becomes separated from that joint causing loss of joint function.
dislocation
medical term for an infection in a bone, which can lead to abscess formation and sequestrum if not properly cared for?
osteomylitis
a tick-carred bacteria causes__?__, which is characterized by symtoms of arthritis, malaise, myalgia, and cardiovascular signs.
lyme disease
chronic, progressive, inflammatory disease of bones and joints caused by degenerative changes in the cartilage
osteoarthritis
medical term for inflammation of the joints caused by the excessive uric acid levels in the blood and joints
gouty arthritis
medical term for a benign growth filled with jellylike substance. it commonly develops on the of the wrist and may be caused by repetitive injury.
ganglion
medical term for a surgical procedure necessary because of peripheral vascular disease and consequent gangrene. trauma, malignancy, or congenital defects are additional reasons.
amputation
medical term for an unpleasant sensation or complication that sometimes follows the removal of an appendage.
phantom limb
the supporting element or "glue" in the connective tissue is
collogen
a strong, tough strand or cord of dense connective tissue that serves as attachment for muscle to bone is
tendons
tough, dense, fibrous bands of connective tissue that holds bones together is called
ligaments
how many bones are there on the skeletal system?
206
are muscles classified as either voluntary or involuntary?
yes (both)
is a fracture the same as a broken bone?
yes
is the complete skeleton formed by the end of the third month of gesttation?
yes
impacted fracture
bone is fractured, and one end is wedged into the end of the adjoining bone
compression fracture
bone is fractured by pressure from another bone
simple fracture
bone is broken without an open wound to the skin
comminuted fracture
bone is splinterd or crushed
pathologic fracture
bone is fractured as a result of disease
_____ procedure is one that is performed independently of, and not immediately related to another service
separate
the divisions of the radiotion oncology section of the cpt manual are devided into subsections based on what?
type of service