Government 1 Unit 4 Set 2

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Terms in this set (...)

Public Safety Exception
Evidence can be gathered without a warrant while securing the public's safety.
Booked
Being processed at the cop shop.
Bail
Money paid to get out of jail prior to the trial.
Recognizance
Being released on bail with just your signature.
Grand Jury
A group of 16-23 people who decide if there's enough evidence to even go to trial.
Trial Jury
A group of 12 people who decide guilty or not guilty.
Indictment
To be officially charged with a crime.
Arraignment
Initial appearance: plead guilty or not guilty.
Plea Bargain
Pleading guilty, but to a lesser charge.
Change if Venue
Moving a trial to a new location where fewer people know about it.
Sequester
Isolating a jury in a hotel during trial.
Unanimous
Everyone agrees.
Voir Dire
The lawyers and judges orally question jurors.
Peremptory Challenge
A lawyer may exclude a potential juror without reason.
Challenge for Cause
Legitimate reasons why a person should be excused as a juror.
Gideon vs. Wanright
1963 USSC case that guarantees us a lawyer, even if we're too poor to afford one.
Court Appointed Lawyer
A free lawyer you get from the state.
Pro Bono
A non court appointed lawyer taking on your case for free.
Witness
Someone who testifies at a trial who saw/knows something related to the case.
Testimony
Statements made under oath.
Oath
To swear to tell the truth.
Perjury
To lie under oath.
Plead the 5th
From the 5th Ammendment. We have the right to remain silent in our own trial.
Physical Evidence
Things like fingerprints, handwriting samples and DNA.
Deliberate
The jury discusses the case in a closed room in an effort to decide guilty or not guilty.
Foreman
The jurors pick someone to run the deliberations.
Reasonable Doubt
If there is any question about guilt, the jury must vote not guilty.
Verdict
The decision of guilty or not guilty from a jury.
Acquittal
A not guilty verdict.
Hung Jury
Also called a mistrial. Any criminal trial decision that is not unanimous. (12-0)
Sentencing
A hearing to determine consequences for a crime