The Rise of Sumer

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Terms in this set (...)

rural
countryside
urban
city
city-state
A city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
Sargon
2340 B.C. leader of the Akkadians who overran the Sumerian city-state and set up the first empire
Gilgamesh
A legendary Sumerian king who was the hero of an epic collection of mythic stories
empire
land with different territories and peoples under a single rule
polytheism
Belief in many gods
priests
people who performed religious ceremonies, interpret the wishes of the gods and make offerings to the them
social hierarchy
the division of society by rank or class
Sumerians
the creators of the first Mesopotamian civilization
peasants
farmers with small farms; part of the working class