Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 15 "Population, Global Inequality, and the Environmental Crisis"
Terms in this set (64)
The text offers a few examples of the changing nature of the American family. In this perspective, what does the family that reflects these changing mores look like?
Naihua and José Rivera and their two adopted daughters
According to David Popenoe, social problems such as child poverty, juvenile delinquency, substance abuse, and motherhood of single women have worsened due to the increases in divorce, nonmarital births, and cohabitation rates. His argument reflects the idea that there is a(n):
single ideal model of the traditional family
What do we call marriage formed through personal selection and based on affection or love?
We are all born into our family of orientation or origin, and our family of procreation is that which we enter into to raise a future generation of children. What is one additional distinction between our family of orientation and family of procreation?
our place of residence
David Popenoe argues that fathers teach their daughters:
a male perspective on heterosexual relationships
Sociologists have found that many societies sanction marriage between more than one individual at the same time. What do we call this system when it is allowed?
When looking at family from the perspective of class (as opposed to culture), what can we say about the way race and class intersect around family formation as a result of either economic or cultural factors and whether or not two different families lead similar or dissimilar lives?
Those of similar economic class but different race or ethnicity will lead similar lives.
What type of family consists of two adults living together in a household with their own or adopted children?
Feminist sociologists and feminist approaches to the sociology of the family have made important contributions to our understanding of the family. Which of the following issues is embedded within a feminist analysis of the family?
the time demand imposed by the emotional labor that is expected from women
Your best friend is getting married. He and his new husband have decided that they will move across the country to live near his husband's dad, now divorced and living with his new wife. Your best friend is going to be in what kind of arrangement?
According to the statistical data we have about child abuse, ________ percent of children are abused by their parents versus those abused by others.
Judith Stacey argues that the model perpetuated by Popenoe and others is a "dated and oppressive institution." Stacey suggests that this broken, outdated model of the so-called modern family is usually defined as:
a father as breadwinner and a child-rearing mother
Betty Friedan is an icon in the second women's movement in the United States. In her widely read book The Feminine Mystique, what is she talking about when she refers to "the problem with no name"?
the boredom of housewives
Feminist scholars who analyze the family often refer to the second shift. Which of the following scenarios best captures the meaning of this phrase?
A female social worker returns home from work to drive her children to soccer practice, prepares dinner, and completes a load of laundry.
What did the research of Larry Bumpass et al. (1991) find as a likely reason that couples began cohabiting?
It was a substitute for marriage because of economic constraints.
Which group has a strong commitment to family interdependence, networks of family and friends that help members financially, and higher median incomes than non-Hispanic whites?
The long history of "family" and the family as a unit has been a major obstacle for those seeking marital bliss as same-sex couples. Worldwide, changes have been substantial in the past decade. Today, same-sex marriages:
have experienced increasing support in the United States and abroad
Diane Vaughan's 1986 study found that the process of "uncoupling" in a marriage is often:
In what ways does David Popenoe argue that "marriage must be re-established as a strong social institution"?
by having employers provide generous parental leave
When we refer to our family of procreation, we are probably referring to:
the children we are raising
Monogamy is the most common form of marriage in the world as a whole.
William J. Goode's research into changing family patterns reveals a great deal that subsequently has been shown to be true. What do we know about the relationship of family patterns and geographical factors such as the growth of cities and the changes in rural demographics?
The rate of change in family patterns differs substantially between urban and rural areas.
African American families overall tend to have larger and more complex family networks than other racial or ethnic groups. From a sociological perspective, this is a form of:
Your best friend lives with her mother and father, her two sisters, and her grandmother and aunt, all in the same household! A sociologist would refer to this as a/an ________ family.
Within those of the same age group, who is more likely to get married?
people who have been married and divorced compared with people who have never been married
Many societies sanction the male having more than one wife at the same time, an arrangement called:
Which of the following characteristics could be found within the traditional American family from colonial times to about the 1950s?
A sexual double standard existed that allowed promiscuity for men but strongly restricted the sexuality of women.
Reyna and her husband are starting a family and decide to move closer to either her or his own family. Reyna's family lives on the West Coast, but her husband's family lives on the East Coast. If Reyna and her husband decide to move to the West Coast, what would their decision be considered in the context of family?
Kinship ties matter a great deal to Native Americans. What is surprising about the nature of marriage in this particular group?
They have a higher rate of intermarriage than any other racial or ethnic group.
How does divorce impact the living standard of the spouses following their dissolution?
The standard of living drops by 27 percent for women and goes up 10 percent for men.
A married couple living in or very near the home of the bride's parents would be in what type of arrangement?
We learn, almost from birth, how to behave and follow societal norms from our family of orientation. Talcott Parsons felt that this crucial stage also meant we underwent a process of personality stabilization. What was he referring to?
the role of the family in supporting us emotionally
What is one trend that is apparent with respect to cohabitation?
Cohabitation as an alternative to marriage is increasing in many other countries as well as in the United States.
Scholars have shown that the nature of the family in premodern times was very impermanent. What is one of the likely reasons that this was true?
There was a high rate of overall mortality, which tended to dissolve family structures more frequently.
One of the major arguments that opponents of same-sex marriage have tried to advance is that childbearing and child rearing are crucial to the preservation of the family. What does the data on same-sex households reveal quite clearly in the matter of children in same-sex households?
About 20 percent of same-sex couples have children.
How do most young people see cohabitation?
It is a way to spend more time with a partner.
Whereas earlier schools of thought focused on the family as a unit, feminist thinkers instead considered the:
inner family dynamics
Cohabiting couples are increasing in the United States. Which of the following people in cohabiting unions is most likely to marry?
a childless couple who are both physicians
The tendency to romanticize the idea of family has included ideas about children and childhood. What do we know today about the lives of children in the premodern United States and Europe?
They worked at an early age or left the family at an early age to do domestic work for others.
What is the most common type of child abuse?
Functionalism holds that the husband in the "conventional family" is the breadwinner, playing what sociologists refer to as the instrumental role, while the wife manages the home and children in the affective role. What does this provide?
Which statement below is an accurate description of the pattern(s) of remarriage among divorced people?
Statistically, the divorce rate among second marriages is higher than for first marriages.
What piece of legislation enacted in 1996 provided states the power to refuse to recognize same-sex marriages from other states, and defined marriage as between one man and one woman? In fact, parts of this particular legislation were later found to be unconstitutional and subsequently changed the cultural landscape of marriage in the United States.
Defense of Marriage Act
Statistics on spousal abuse vary greatly depending on the population that is surveyed.
Your best friend has decided to quit school and move in with her boyfriend. She insists he will propose and they will be married before the end of the year. She is from a strongly religious family. What are her parents—both of whom are sociologists—likely to call what she is doing?
In 2015, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that same-sex marriage was legal in all states. This ruling marks a milestone in the debate over marriage. It also challenges the ideal of what David Popenoe and others have argued as to what defines a "family," namely:
two parents, consisting of a father and a mother
What is one factor that increases the likelihood a person will get a divorce at some point in his or her life?
bearing children outside of marriage
Emir and Michael live in a large house with their adopted daughter Lilly, Emir's son Amid, and Michael's aging Aunt Cecilia. Sociologist Judith Stacey might describe this family as:
Today, it is most common for young people to leave home to begin an independent life. In previous generations, young people were likely to leave home:
to get married
Although their studies may not be representative of the population as a whole, what did Judith Wallerstein and her colleagues find out about most children of divorced parents?
They were coping reasonably well after five years despite an initial shock.
Which of the following best characterizes the family in the United States today?
It has only one parent or both the husband and wife are employed.
The term for a group of people directly linked by kin connections, the adult members of which assume responsibility for caring for children is:
What best describes the changes in household size throughout the history of the United States?
Generally, in the first 200 years of U.S. history, homes had servants, something that is rare today.
The family plays an important role in adults' lives by giving them emotional support. Sociologist Talcott Parsons called this:
Legal changes have made divorce easier in the past 50 years. What is the other significant reason that the divorce rate has gone up in the past several decades?
Except for the wealthy, marriage today has less to do with handing down property and status from generation to generation.
What is suggested about the primary forces that shape family lives among Cuban Americans, who enjoy more wealth in family business ownership but lower levels of fertility and low levels of nonmarital fertility?
Economic and not cultural factors may be more important in shaping family lives.
Most Western societies do not sanction marriage to more than one other person at the same time, often passing laws to enforce this. This approach to marital relations is referred to as:
When we refer to our family of orientation, we are also referring to:
our parents and siblings (if any)
Which of the following are more likely to divorce at some point in the life cycle?
those who cohabit more than once before marriage
In some societies, women are allowed to have more than one male spouse at the same time. This arrangement is referred to as:
Connections between individuals who are blood relatives that are established either through marriage or the lines of descent are known as:
Theorists are likely to agree with the statement: "Couples are seeking to be more symmetrical, but in reality men do not perform their share of the housework." This would be working from what theoretical perspective?
The trend toward marriage at a later age is unmistakable, and scholars have suggested many reasons for this. How has the increase in women's participation in the labor force along with career establishment played a role in accelerating this trend?
The increased economic independence of women has helped foster a deterioration in men's economic position and their desirability as mates.
What do we know about the difference in experience between girls and boys when considering both a stepfamily and a divorced household?
Girls tend to suffer more in a stepfamily, while boys suffer more in a divorce.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 9. "Crime and Criminal Justice"
Chapter 10. "Health Care: Problems & Mental"
Chapter 11. "The Changing Family"
Chapter 12. "Problems in Education"
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
ch 15 quiz
Sociology Final Exam: Chapter 15
Sociology Chapter 15
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Social Problems Final-Study Guide
Chapter 14 "Problems in the Media"
Chapter 16 "Urban Problems"