Poetry Terminology 11
Terms in this set (50)
A long poem that tells a story, usually a folk tale or legend, in rhyme. Often set to music.
A poem that experiments with the very materials of the poem itself: words, letters, format.
A poem or song composed especially as a lament for a deceased person.
A long narrative poem.
A short poem about the dead that is written to be on a tombstone.
A very short, witty poem that makes a pithy pronouncement about something.
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme.
A short poem of intense feeling and emotion.
A poem that tells a story, which may or may not rhyme.
A poem usually marked by serious, respectful, and exalted feelings toward the subject.
A 14 line poem.
Repetition of initial consonant sounds.
Repetition of vowel sounds.
Sounds that are unpleasant and harsh to the ear.
Repeating sounds in the middle of words.
Sounds that are very pleasant to the ear.
Use of words that imitate sounds: "Crash", "Bang", "Hiss."
A direct comparison between two dissimilar items.
A type of metaphor in which a reference point is substituted for the thing to which reference is actually made.
A comparison between a non human item and a human so that the non human item is given human characteristics.
A comparison between two dissimilar items using "like" or "as" to make the comparison.
Occurs when the significant part is used for the whole, i.e. "All hands on deck!"
A reference in one piece of literature to something from another piece of literature, person/events/places in history, religion, or myth.
A rhetorical figure in which the speaker addresses a dead or absent person, or an abstraction or inanimate object.
A phrase, line or expression that has been so overused, it is boring and commonplace.
The unspoken, unwritten series of associations made with a particular word.
The literal meaning of the word that a person would find in the dictionary.
The imaginative language that makes a poem rich to a reader.
A deliberate exaggeration to make a point.
Poets create pictures in the mind of the reader, which appeal to the five senses.
A form of language in which the text means exactly what the words denote.
The emotion/atmosphere/predominant feeling of the poem.
Placing single word opposites beside each other for dramatic effect.
A large oxymoron. An apparently contradictory statement that, despite the contradiction, has an element of truth in it.
Deliberately repeated words, sounds phrases, or whole stanzas.
Something that represents something else.
Word order, the way words are put together to form phrases, clauses or sentences in a poem.
The narrator's attitude toward the subject of the poem and, sometimes, toward the reader of the poem.
This achieves its effect through stating less that what is necessary.
Two lines of poetry that rhyme.
Eight lines of poetry that have a rhyme scheme.
Four lines of poetry that have a rhyme scheme.
Six lines of poetry that have a rhyme scheme.
Another word for "verse".
A paragraph of writing in a poem.
Unrhymed iambic pentameter.
Two syllables. The first one is not stressed when spoken; the second one is stressed.
When sounds match at the end of lines of poetry.
A pattern of sound in a poem; it may be a regular pattern or irregular.
The pattern of rhyme in a poem, indicated with letters of the alphabet.
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