34 terms

World History Chapter 7 Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
King Clovis
warrior king of the Franks who won many battles and established many Germanic kingdoms. He conquered Gaul and converted to Christianity.
Medieval
time between ancient and modern times - middle age
Charles Martel
rallied Frankish warriors in the battle of Tours in 732- became King of Franks
Charlemagne
Charles the Great - grandson of Charles Martel built an empire that is now France, Germany and part of Italy.
Vikings
Scandinavian farmers, sailors and destructive raiders
Magyars
nomadic people who settled in Hungary about 900
Feudalism
loosely organizes system of rule in which powerful local lords divided their landholdings among lesser lords
Vassals
lesser lords who pledged service and loyalty to the greater lord
Feudal contract
an exchange of land for loyalty and military service-an exchange of pledges
Fief
estate granted to a vassal by a powerful lord
Knight
a noble trained to be a mounted warrior
Tournament
mock battle
Chivalry
code of conduct for knights that required them to be brave, loyal and true to their word
Troubadour
wandering musicians
Manor
lord's estate
Serf
peasant
Aristocrat
privileged or upper class
Sacraments
sacred rites of the church
Benedictine Rule
rules to regulate monastic life
Secular
worldly, non-religious matters
Papal supremacy
popes who gained authority over secular rulers
Canon law
law developed by the Church
Excommunication
severe punishment by the Church that excluded person from receiving sacraments or Christian burial - condemned to hell for eternity
Interdict
an order that excluded an entire town, region, or kingdom from receiving sacraments and Christian burial
Friar
monks who did not live in monasteries
St. Francis of Assisi
founded the first order of Franciscan friars
Charter
written document that set out rights and privileges of a town
Capital
money or investment
Partnership
group of merchants that joined together
Tenant farmer
farmers who paid rent for their land or hired farm laborers
Middle class
class of people between nobles and peasants
Guild
associations formed by merchants and artisans
Apprentice
trainee
Journeyman
salaried workers
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...