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Chapter 5 Review
Terms in this set (10)
What three actions demonstrated that Philip II of Spain saw himself as a defender of Catholicism?
He fought Muslim Ottoman Empire, sent Armada against Protestant England, fought Protestantism in the Netherlands.
According to French writer Jean Bodin, should a prince share power with anyone else? Explain why or why not.
No, because if he does, he becomes that persons subject.
What strategies did Louis XIV use to control the French nobility?
He used intendants (humbles nobles in judiciary and tax collections) and forces nobles to live at Versailles.
In what ways did Louis XIV cause suffering to the French people?
He ran up huge debts (quite often on brink of bankruptcy), fought unpopular wars, and imposed heavy taxes.
What were six results of the Peace of Westphalia?
Weakened Hapsburger Austria and Spain, strengthened France with Cardinal Richelieu hopping on Protestant side at right time, made German princes independent of the Holy Roman emperor, ended religious wars of Europe (for a while), introduced new method of negotiating peace, established modern more equal state system of Europe.
Why did Mania Theresa and Fredrick the Great fight two wars against each other?
They were battling over territory and to defend/help allies.
What were three differences between Russia and western Europe?
Russian serfdom was firmly implanted, Russian people knew little of the Renaissance, Russians were Eastern Orthodox.
What was Peter the Great's primary goal for Russia?
To westernize Russia so that the country could compete militarily and commercially with Western Europe.
List the causes, participants, and outcome of the English Civil War?
Royalists (also called Cavaliers and Puritans (also called Roundheads) fought over religion, money and the extent of the king's power. The Roundheads won and tried and beheaded Charles I.
How did Parliament try to limit the power of the English monarchy?
By refusing to grant funds, it forced Charles to sign the Petition of Right; Parliament rulers invited Protestant rulers William and Mary to rule as partners of Parliament; Parliament drafted a Bill of Rights.
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