BJU World History Chapter 8
Terms in this set (31)
the heart of medieval society
clergy, nobility, peasants
The three classes of people during the Middle Ages
theory that holds that Peter was the first pope and was given authority on earth over the church
term that the Roman Church applied to Bible characters or noteworthy Christians
circumstances that earned the Middle Ages the name "age of faith"
religion dominated society, church held significant influence over peoples' lives, cultural achievements were a result of the church
object associated with a saint
sacraments of the Roman Catholic Church
baptism, confirmation, matrimony
Catholic belief that the bread and wine actually become the body and blood of Christ.
renounced the things of this world and lived lives of solitude and study
men who conducted religious services, administered sacraments to the laity, and supervised the business and property of the church.
missionaries of the medieval church
most powerful of the Germanic peoples
"King of the Franks"
mayor of the palace
the true power behind the "do-nothing kings"
Battle of Tours
Stopped Muslim advance from taking over France and invading the rest of Europe
France, Germany, Italy
The Frankish empire Charlemagne created in Western Europe included
Charlemagne's royal court and center of learning were located in
Charlemagne's educational reforms
upgrading the literacy of priests and nobles, renewing interest in the Bible and classical works, developing a new handwriting style
Feudalism arose as a political system in Europe after the collapse of this empire
type of government that prevailed in Western Europe from the ninth to the thirteenth centuries
Basis of medieval wealth/power
lords guaranteed these to the vassal
justice, land, protection
center of life for the nobility
code of chivalry
a code of behavior that governed the aspect of all knights behavior
page, squire, knight
order for becoming a knight
self contained community controlled by a lord and farmed by his peasants
center of a typical manor
Lands set aside for the lord of a manor
had more privileges than other peasants, able to leave the manor, worked as craftsmen or officials on the manor
People who gave their land to a lord and offered their servitude in return for protection from the lord; made up the majority of the people living on the manor
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