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20 terms

ch. 8 personality quiz

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Athletes often attribute their losses to bad officiating. This best illustrates
self-serving bias
The perception that your fate is determined by luck reflects
an external locus of control
The best indicator of a person's level of optimism is his or her (p. 580)
attributional style
Because Mr. Maloney trusts his employees, he treats them kindly. His kindness leads them to work diligently on his behalf, which in turn increases his trust in them. This pattern of trust, kindness, diligence, and increasing trust illustrates what is meant by
reciprocal determinism (p. 577)
The social-cognitive perspective emphasizes the interactive influences of our traits and our (p.577)
situations
Arguments as to whether people's behavior is more strongly influenced by temporary external influences or by enduring inner influences best characterize the
person situation controversy
The Big Five trait dimensions were identified by means of (p. 571)
factor analysis
The tendency to accept favorable descriptions of one's personality that could really be applied to almost anyone is known as
the Barnum effect
The MMPI is an example of a(n) (p.570)
personality inventory
Characteristic patterns of behavior and conscious motives are called (p.568)
traits
Carl Rogers suggested that the ________ is a central feature of personality. (p.565)
self-concept
Which theorist emphasized that an individual's personal growth is promoted by interactions with others who are genuine, accepting, and empathic?
Carl Rogers
The humanistic perspective emphasized the importance of (p. 564)
self-determination
The major reason for criticism of the Rorschach test is that (p.560)
only a few of the many Rorschach-derived scores have demonstrated validity
According to Freud, the part of personality that represents our sense of right and wrong and our ideal standards is the (p.555)
superego
According to psychoanalytic theory, the part of the personality that strives for immediate gratification of basic drives is the
id
According to Freud, the unconscious is (p.554)
the thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories, of which we are largely unaware
Freud became interested in unconscious personality dynamics when he noticed that certain patients' symptoms(p.554)
made no neurological sense
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting is his or her
personality
Martin Seligman's positive psychology differs from the humanistic perspective in that it
uses scientific methodology