Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (73)
4.6 Billion Years
How old is the earth?
Silicon and Oxygen
What is the crust and mantle mainly made up from?
The graph is
Crust mantle core
What are the compositional layers of the earth from the outside to the inside?
Lithosphere, astherosphere, mesosphere, core
What are the structural layers of the earth from the outside to the inside?
What are the two main elements that make up the crust?
What are the two main elements that make up the mantle?
What are the two main elements that make up the inner and outer cores?
What is the main igneous rock that makes up the bedrock of the oceanic crust?
What is the main igneous rock that makes up the bedrock of the continental crust?
Structurally, the crust and upper mantle of the earth are called
Structurally, the middle mantle of the earth on which the tectonic plates move is called the
Thinner and more dense
Thicker and less dense
Which layer of the earth crust represents 80% of the volume?
Which layer of the earth is responsible for the magnetosphere?
Seismic P waves are
Solids and liquids
P waves can move through
Are P waves the fastest waves?
Seismic S waves are
Solids, but not through liquids
S waves can move through
Are S waves faster than P waves?
Seismic L waves are
Love and Reyleigh
There two types of surface waves
Because they travel on the surface of the earth
Why are L waves the slowest waves?
Which type of seismic wave is the most damaging?
Breaking, bending, tilting, and folding rock.
Stress that pulls rock apart.
Downward fold in the rock layer.
Type of stress caused when rock is torn apart in two opposite direction.
Stress that pushes rock together.
Crack in the rock layers (NO MOVEMENT)
A break in the rock layers with movement.
Bend in rock layer.
Upward fold in the rock layer.
Tension, compression, and shearing
What are the three types of stress in a rock?
Which type of stress causes a normal fault?
Which type of stress causes a reverse fault?
Which type of stress causes a strike-slip fault?
What type of mountain forms from the magma that reaches the earth's surface?
The most common type of mountains ans the largest mountains on Earth are
This type of mountain occurs when a fault block is raised or tilted
is a logrithmic scale from 1-10
Scale of intensity(how it is felt)of an earthquake
Point where earthquake actually occurs
Point on the surface of the earth directly above the focus of the earthquake
Determines the distance from the earthquakes
No risks except in west Tx
What are the risks in Texas for earthquakes
actual strength, how it is felt by humans
Magnitude of an earthquake is....................., while the intensity is .....................
Molten particles that are hurled from a volcano and harden as the hit the ground ( can be dust to rock size)
Pyroclastics that are very fine(less than 2mm)
Pyroclastics over 1 meter
Pit at the top of a volcano
Hot, liquid rock on surface of Earth
Hot, liquid rock below surface of Earth
A volcano that will not erupt again.
A "sleeping" volcano that is not erupting, but could erupt again.
A volcano that has erupted recently.
A shield volcano forms what type of lava?
Is a shield volcano explosive?
What is an example of a shield volcano?
A Cinder cone volcano forms what type of lava?
Is a Cinder cone volcano explosive?
Sunset crater Capulian
What is an example of a Cinder cone Volcano?
Silicic and basalt
A Composite volcano forms what type of lava?
Is a Composite volcano explosive?
Mount Fuji, Helen
What are examples of a composite volcano?
Silicic- Thick light colored gaseous( Mash potatoes)
Thin, dark colored(brown gravy)
Weak Spot in Earth's Crust where magma reaches surface
Extinct volcano in central Texas?
Sets found in the same folder
Rocks Test Review
Deformation-1 Test Review
Mapping Test- Earth & Space
Sets with similar terms
Deformation 2 Review
Volcanoes, Earthquakes, and Mountain Building
Changes on Earth Test Review-8th gr Adams
Other sets by this creator
Spanish Exam 1
Biology Test 2
Communication Test 1
Hydrology Test Review