Terms in this set (40)
General loss of unconsciousness
Impacts brain directly by shutting off perception and response systems
Numbs sensory nerves so no message can be sent to the brain
Reduction of pain without loss or consciousness
Arousable sleep with feeling of calm
Induce mood change by numbing the mind
Stimuli send messages to brain
Analysis of message in brain and reaction
Protects brain/spinal cord
Fight or flight
Rest and repose
Does practice act standard of care include analgesics?
Calm and relax animal. NO ANALGESIA effects. Used to place catheters prior to general anesthesia. Be careful with problem patients
AKA Diazepam. Used if animal has a history of seizures, head injury, heart problems, highly anxious/agitated
Has a calming effect and analgesia. Controlled subs! Causes excitement in cats
Morphine (Class 2) Butorphanol (Class 4) Hydromorphine (Class 2) Fentanyl
NOT a narcotic! Not an anesthetic. Maintains HR (DOES NOT ELEVATE)
Used to render the patient lightly unconscious for intubation by LVT/DVM (can be used as a stand alone anesthesia for minor procedures)
Pre-med, general anesthesia. WILL cause vomiting in cats (50% of dogs too).
Xylazine reversible drug
AKA Dexmedetomidine. Used for induction or outpatient non-sterile procedures. Quick action. Can stop seizure cycles.
Dexdomitor (dexmedetomidine) reversal
A dissociative. Class 3 controlled sub. Causes catalepsy (involuntary muscle rigidity), amnesia, loss of responsiveness, loss of skeletal reflexes, profound analgesia. Laryngeal reflex maintained. Suppressed HR & RR. Used for sedation, induction, short term anesthesia. NOT for major surgery.
Two drugs often combined?
Diazepam (Valium) and Ketamine Hcl
Milk of amnesia. Produces unconsciousness for 5-10 minutes. Rapid recovery. Very useful for intubation.
What happens if you give propofol too fast?
What happens if you give too much propofol?
Which drug contains egg whites therefor should be dated and refrigerated (and thrown away after each use
In between back limbs toes (pinch, not too hard)
Inhalant anesthetic. Very rare now! Difficult to control amount & anesthetic depth. Depresses most body systems. Long induction & recovery time.
Nitrous oxide (laughing gas)
NOT an anesthetic. Used as an aid during induction. Can be dangerous because it works without oxygen. Mild analgesic. Mild anesthetic action. No muscle relaxation. MUST be used with oxygen
Side effects of nitrous oxide
Increase or HR & breathing (tidal volume). Doesn't decrease body functions, increases
Most common. Cheap & dependable. Very safe. Increases tidal volume. Mild to no respiratory & cardiac depression. Maintain animal 2-3% (maybe even 1 1/2%)
Used for geriatric or problem patients. (Neonates, adolescents, dystocia cases, long Sx's). Maintain animal at 3-3.5%. EXPENSIVE! Newest, very safe. Easiest on all body systems. SMOOTHEST INDUCTION & FASTEST RECOVERY!
Nervous system drugs
Cholinergics, anticholinergic, adrenergics, adrenergic blockers
Acepromazine, Valium (diazepam), narcotics, atropine
Xylazine, dexdomitor (dexmedetemidine), ketamine Hcl, propofol
Halothane, isoflurane, sevoflurane. (Nitrous oxide too?)
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