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system of beliefs, symbols, and rituals, based on some sacred or super natural realm which guides human behavior, gives meaning to life, and unites believers into a community
emile durkheim,those things in life that are extraordinary or super natural. those things that are set apart as "holy".
4 main categories of religion
1. simple supernaturalism
4. transcendent idealsim
religion in industrial revolution
that science could answer everything that could have been the realm of religion
functionalist important functions in society
1. meaning and purpose to life
2. social cohesion and sense of belonging
3. social control and support for government.
make sacred the values of the society and place the nation in the context of ultimate system of meaning
ex. national anthem
conflict perspective of religion
- capitalist class uses religion to dominate and mislead workers
marx- religion is not good. opiate and drugs
symbolic interactionist perspective of religion
- religion defines people, like religious symbols
- his and her religion
common characteristics of all religions (know at least two)
1. creation of sacred
3. ethical codes
5. organization of believers
weber on religion
the protestant ethic and spirit ad capitalism
catalyst for social change
luther: work is a calling
1. dukkha- pain and suffering
2. tanha-craving and coveting
4. 309 million followers
1. kung fu tzu
2. family of scholars
3. human relationships
-respect for others
4. 5.9 million followers
2 reasons for islam fastest growing religion
1. highest birth rate
2. strong outreach
one of most understood religion
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