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36 terms

socio test 3 religion

STUDY
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religion
system of beliefs, symbols, and rituals, based on some sacred or super natural realm which guides human behavior, gives meaning to life, and unites believers into a community
sacred
emile durkheim,those things in life that are extraordinary or super natural. those things that are set apart as "holy".
profane
everyday secular or worldly aspects of life
4 main categories of religion
1. simple supernaturalism
2. animism
3. theism
4. transcendent idealsim
animism
belief in plants, animals and nature stuff
simple supernaturalism
super natural forces effect peoples lives either positively or negatively
theism
beliefs in a god or gods
transcendent idealism
belief in sacred principles of thought and conduct
religion in industrial revolution
that science could answer everything that could have been the realm of religion
functionalist important functions in society
1. meaning and purpose to life
2. social cohesion and sense of belonging
3. social control and support for government.
civil religion
make sacred the values of the society and place the nation in the context of ultimate system of meaning
ex. national anthem
conflict perspective of religion
- capitalist class uses religion to dominate and mislead workers
- predestination
marx- religion is not good. opiate and drugs
symbolic interactionist perspective of religion
- religion defines people, like religious symbols
- his and her religion
ecclesia
official state religion
church
seek accommodation w/ large society in order to maintain some degree over it
denomination
characterized by accommodation to society but lacking domination over society
sect
small religious group that has broken away to renew the original version of the faith
berger on religion
religion is a sacred canopy
common characteristics of all religions (know at least two)
1. creation of sacred
2. doctrines
3. ethical codes
4. rituals
5. organization of believers
know
the grandchildren
nontheistic religion
(ethical religion) (everyone else) principles or thought or content
shamanism
healing, divination, and prophecy. maasai religious system
weber on religion
the protestant ethic and spirit ad capitalism
catalyst for social change
luther: work is a calling
calvin
6 major religions
hold almost 75% of worlds population
hinduism
oldest religion
rebirth
karma/ nirvana
719 million followers
buddhism
1. dukkha- pain and suffering
2. tanha-craving and coveting
3. nirvana
4. 309 million followers
confucianism
1. kung fu tzu
2. family of scholars
3. human relationships
-respect for others
-benevolence
-reciprocity
4. 5.9 million followers
judaism
god, torah, israel
orthodox, reform, and conservative
islam
muhammad
1. 21%
2. more muslim in u.s. than other places
3. jihad
4. Qur'an
2 reasons for islam fastest growing religion
1. highest birth rate
2. strong outreach
one of most understood religion
garden of eden
irok
largest number of muslim
indonesia
mosk
muslims
sinigouge
jew
great britten
anglican
ecumenism
sharing of christian faith among different christian types