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Quiz 3, Chapter 10-13
Terms in this set (40)
An interest group is best defined as an organization that
tries to influence public policy for a group of people with common interests.
in america ____ run candidates for office, while ___ do not have official position on the ballot.
political parties; interest groups
why has the number of interest groups gone up dramatically in the past 50 years?
the size of the federal government and the types of issues it has involved itself in has increased substantially.
what does the term "revolving door" mean?
movement of personnel between the government and interest groups
the Sierra Club, which has more than two million members who each pay annual dues of about $30, is an example of ____.
a mass association (individuals)
why is it challenging for interest groups to use people as a resource?
motivating members to participate can be difficult.
which types of benefits can a group provide to overcome the free rider problem?
solidary, purposive, or selective benefits
inside strategies usually involve which one of the following tactics?
a group that can raise money for the purpose of contributing to candidates or spending on campaigns is known as ___.
a political action committee
issues that attract little public attention are said to have low ___.
what is descriptive representation ?
shared demographic traits between legislators and constituents
an example of the ___ model of representation is a situation in which a legislator acts as though she or he has an electoral mandate on salient issues but looks after broader interests on complex issues.
the process of drawing legislative districs for political advantage is called ___.
Effective home style helps to explain the rise of ___.
the incumbent advantage
Legislators spreading benefits as widely as possible is called ________; trading their support on a bill for someone's support on a different bill is an example of ________.
which of the following lists is correctly ordered?
Member introduces a bill; one chamber takes floor action; conference committee version is approved.
conference committees are typically staffed by
standing committee members that worked on the bill in question from both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S Senate.
80 to 90 percent of all bills introduced in congress
die during the committee phase
what is a pocket veto?
the automatic death of a bill if the president does not sign it in the last ten days of a session.
What is a filibuster?
a senator's attempt to kill a bill by continuing to speak in order to prevent a vote
the president's ___ is derived form the provisions of the constitution, whereas the president's ____ comes from laws that give the president additional authority.
constitutional authority; statutory authority
As ________, the president has authority over the executive branch; as ________, the president acts as the symbolic and political representative of the nation.
head of government; head of state
what is an executive order?
a proclamation made by the president that changes government policy without congressional approval.
are not binding on future presidents.
the president often uses the state of the union adress to
recommend policies to congress
which one of the following is part of the president's legislative powers?
how did the supreme court's ruling in united states v. Nixon (1974) affect presidential power?
it confirmed that executive privilege exists, but it is not absolute.
public approval of the president is
a generally reliable indicator of whether a president will be reelected.
which one of the following organizations is part of the executive office of the president?
office of management and budget
what is unilateral action?
a president changing policy without consulting Congress
which one of the following is the most accurate statement regarding the bureaucracy?
Americans regularly encounter the work of the bureaucracy as part of their everyday lives.
which one of the following is the best definition of the bureaucracy?
the group of employees who are responsible for implanting government policy.
government rules that influence the behavior of individuals and groups are known as _____.
any unnecessary complex set of procedures in the bureaucracy is called ____.
while the spoils system ____, its principal drawback was that ___.
strengthened political parties; appointees often lacked experience.
the federal civil service was created by ____.
the Pendleton Act
the federal reserve is an example of ___.
an independent agency
after three years of satisfactory performance, civil servants
cannot be fired except "for cause"
Melissa is a bureaucrat for the Department of Education. During her free time she volunteers for a political campaign and actively speaks out on behalf of a candidate. Melissa may be violating ________.
the Hatch Act
which one of the following describes a situation in which legislators monitor a bureaucratic organization only after someone complains or a problem of implementation has been brought to their attention?
fire alarm oversight
Where are candidates for president and vice president and vice president nominated
A set of newspaper essays was written to convince the citizens of the states to vote in favor of ratifying the new constitution. This set of essays is called the:
What was progressivism and why did it arise?
What are example of common laws?
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