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Rome and Christianity Chapter 11 test
Terms in this set (81)
Which of the following was a Roman philosopher and public speaker who argued that the power of generals should be limited and Romans needed to work together?
Who was murdered on the Ides of March?
The great epic the Aeneid was written by
Why did many Senators consider Julius Caesar a threat?
Julius Caesar had powerful allies, was a great military leader, and was loved by many people in the empire.
What role did the military play in Caesar's rise to power?
The military played a huge role in Ceasars rise to power because they trusted him and loved him and helped him to control territories
Who took over Rome after Caesar's death?
Octavian or Augustis took over Rome after Ceasars death.
Why is it significant that Octavian did not take the title of dictator?
That is when the Senate assasinated his father because he had all the power.
What areas of the world did the Romans take over?
The Romans took over the Mediterranean World
Why did trade increase during the Pax Romana?
There was more room for farming instead of wars because it was peaceful.
Latin is no longer spoken. Why do you think people still study it?
I think people still study Latin to learn about the past.
Who spread Christianity through letters in the Roman world and was an Apostle?
Paul of Tarsus
Who was believed to be the Messiah?
Jesus rose from the dead how many days after he died?
What Roman leader was Christian and removed all the bans on Christianity?
100 years after Jesus' death _____ of people were Christians.
What effect did Roman farmers' fear of raids have on the empire?
They would not grow enough crops to make a living
Who was Attila?
the fearsome leader of the huns
Why did the Goths move into the Roman Empire?
The Huns raided the Goths and forced them to move into Rome
What were two of Justinian's major accomplishments?
He removed out-of-date and unchristian laws and simplified Roman law that was fair to all called Justinianic Code.
Name two ways that the Byzantine Empire was different from the Western Roman Empire.
The Eastern (Byzantine) empire studied Greek instead of Latin and they broke away and formed the Eastern Orthodox Church.
The word Messiah means what in Hebrew?
In the late 300s, a group from Central Asia called the ____ invaded Europe.
The bible was made up of two parts called the ____ and ____.
Old Testament and New Testament
The Goths sacked, or destroyed Rome in ___.
What were two religious reasons why the Jews and Romans clashed?
The Romans worshipped many Gods and the Jews had only one God. The Romans felt the Jews were insulting their gods by only worshipping their one.
What is the worship of only one God called?
Roman law inspired a system called _____, which is a legal system based on the written code of laws.
A prophet named _____ announced that the messiah was coming soon.
John the Baptist
At the height of the Roman Empire, it included all of the lands around the _____.
Why did Roman leaders ban some religions?
They would ban a religion if it was considered to be a political problem.
How did the teachings of Paul of Tarsus change Christianity's relationship to Judaism?
he told the Christians they didn't have to obey all Jewish laws and rituals. He said it was a separate religion by the teachings of Jesus Christ.
The Eastern Roman Empire is also called the ____.
Why was the invention of Roman currency so important to the Roman Empire?
It helped them by trading coins for goods which helped the empire become wealthy because trade increased.
Latin developed into ______.
Rome's 200 year period of peace is called the ____.
What did Diocletian and Constantine have in common? How did their actions differ?
They were both Roman emperors but Diocletian wanted the empire to remain divided and Constantine wanted to reunite the empire.
Which Roman leader seized power from the Senate and became the dictator of the Roman Republic?
Who was responsible for spreading the Christian faith immediately after the death of Jesus?
Paul of Tarsus
The new Roman capitol under Constantine was called _____ and power no longer resided in Rome.
Why did Diocletian dived the Roman Empire into two different parts?
he thought it was too big for one person to rule
Name at least two factors that led to the fall of Rome.
The empire was too large to govern effectively, there were political problems and corruption, disease and high taxes, and the Goths defeated Rome.
Justinian wanted to reunite the Roman Empire, so he reviewed Rome's laws and organized them into a legal system called ____.
What were two aspects of Justinian's new law system?
removed out-of-date and unchristian laws and simplified it to give fair treatment to everyone.
What do YOU feel was Rome's greatest scientific or technological advance and why?
Galen's description of the valves of the heart and differences between arteries and veins really improved people's health and for centuries doctors based their ideas on this.
What did Caesar first hold in the government?
How did most Romans feel about the death of Caesar?
What happened to Caesar's killers after the assassination?
Marc Antony and Octavian defeated them and the leaders killed themselves.
Why did Octavian turn against Marc Antony?
Antony divorced his wife, who was Octavian's sister, in order to marry Cleopatra and he saw this as an insult to him and his sister.
Why was cement such a useful material?
it was very hard and watertight when it dried
How were the Romans able to increase the size of their buildings?
the combined arches to create vaults
What type of approach did Romans take to science and engineering?
What are some of Rome's accomplishments in government?
importance of written laws, equal treatment of all citizens, and rights and duties of citizens.
What are some of the engineering accomplishments?
excellent and durable roads, strong bridges, aqueducts, and new building designs that inspired later societies.
What are some architecture accomplishments?
large and strong buildings, and columns and open spaces.
What are some art accomplishments?
realistic statues and lifelike portraits
What are some philosophy accomplishments?
focused on improving people's lives and a stoic philosophy that emphasized people's civic duty.
How did Octavian take power from Marc Antony?
Octavian defeated him in battle.
How did the Romans deal with other religions?
the were accepting of the gods of the people that they conquered and they prayed to a wide range of gods so none of them were offended.
How did Hadrian's policy on religion differ from previous policies?
he banned the practice of some Jewish rituals and destroyed Jerusalem
A new religion developed from Judaism called Christianity and it was based on _____.
the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth
Why was Jesus arrested and executed?
he was a threat to authority of political and religious leaders in Judea
Why do Christians consider the Resurrection important?
It was proof to many that Jesus was the messiah.
What two teachings of Jesus were rooted in Jewish traditions?
love for God and love for others
Why did different denominations of Christianity develop over time?
different people interpreted the teachings of Jesus in different ways.
Who were the apostles?
12 close followers of Jesus who spread his teachings after the Resurrection
Why were the Gospels important?
they provide information about Jesus' life.
Christianity grew in popularity but they were ______ for their religious beliefs.
What tells the history and ideas of the Hebrew people?
The Old Testament
What tells us about the life and teachings of Jesus Christ?
The New Testament
What is the holy book of Christianity?
Who became the leader of the Apostles after Jesus died?
Who were the writers of the gospels?
Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John
How did the Romans deal with Goth invaders?
they sent armies against the invaders and even paid some not to attack
Who was Theodora, and what role did she play in the Byzantine Empire?
She was the wife of emperor Justinian and she helped him rule effectively and helped restore the power, beauty, and strength to Rome.
In _____ a barbarian general overthrew the last weak emperor and name himself king. This is considered the end of the Western Roman Empire.
Why did the empire decline after the rule of Justinian?
the Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople in 1453 and ended the eastern Roman empire.
Story of Octavian and Marc Antony.
Marc Antony and Octavian became allies to defeat Caesar's killers but became enemies when Marc Antony divorced Octavian's sister to marry Cleopatra. He defeated Marc Antony in battle and became the sole leader.
Who were the Huns?
warriors from Central Asia who raided the Roman Empire
Who were the Goths?
groups of people made up of Visigoths and Ostrogoths who were victims of the Huns' raids and were forced to flee into Roman territory.
Who were the Visigoths?
one of the groups of people that made up the Goths and destroyed Rome in 410.
Most historians mark the end of the Roman Republic and the beginning of the Roman Empire as taking place in the year ____.
27 BC when Octavian became the first emperor of Rome.
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