Military strength, economic growth, cultural superiority
What are the 3 motivations for expansion?
Guam, Puerto Rico, Philippines, Alaska, Hawaii
What area of the world did the United States claim as their territories? (their regions or spheres of influence)
Controlled European colonization, stated that Europe should not interfere in American affairs
growing a country's power by taking over land to dominate the trade and government of other lands
belief that the U.S. should not expand its territory overseas and that it was against the values of America
Why was the development of the U.S. navy vital for imperialism?
The White Fleet
9 new ships that were created between 1883 and 1890, including the USS Maine
Alfred T. Mahan
Believed that greater sea power meant greater world power
Ship that exploded off the coast of Cuba in Havana, was a leading cause for the Spanish-American war
William Seward wanted Alaska, United States got Alaska from Russia
Who was involved in the acquisition of Alaska?
King Kalakaua Queen Liliuokalani, United States, Hawaii was independent
Who was involved in the acquisition of Hawaii?
William Seward convinced Congress
How did the acquisition of Alaska happen?
Military and economic strategies were recognized and fought for
How did the acquisition of Hawaii happen?
Sugar, exempt from taxes, good military base
What was the motivation for the annexation of Hawaii?
$7.2 million ($0.02 per acre)
How much did Alaska cost?
Both gained statehood in 1959
Did Alaska and Hawaii gain statehood?
Yellow journalists used their works to increase anger against Spain by casting blame, which pushed the idea of war
How was yellow journalism involved in the sinking of the USS Maine?
War in the Pacific
Fought at Manila Bay, Philippines and America against Spain, lasted 2 months, Spain lost
Led the War in the Pacific
War in the Caribbean
started with US naval blockade in Santiago de Cuba, army was not prepared, Rough Riders volunteered
Blockade of Santiago de Cuba
Two days after San Juan Hill victory for the US, the Spanish fleet tried to escape the American blockade at Santiago Harbor. Naval battle followed with Spanish fleet destructed on Cuban coast
The navy was stronger
How does the strength of the army compare to the strength of the navy?
Battle of San Juan Hill
One of the most important battles of the Spanish-American War. Roosevelt and Rough Riders defeated Spain. Roosevelt was declared a hero
Volunteer soldiers led by Theodore Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
Led Rough Riders, increased size of Navy, added Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine, developed big stick diplomacy
Treaty of Paris was signed
How did the Spanish-American War end?
3,289 Americans, only 332 killed during combat (most was due to disease)
How many casualties were there in the Spanish-American War?
Treaty of Paris
1898 treaty that ended the Spanish American war, gave Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the US, declared that Cuba was free but under US control
US emerged as a world power, gained land, and ended the Spanish empire
What was the outcome of the Spanish-American War?
US fight to gain control of the Philippines, US victory
Filipinos were mad because they wanted independence from Spain, but US took control over them, so we went to war
What was the relationship like between US soldiers and Filipinos?
A ship canal across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States, specifically Teddy Roosevelt, used for shipping and transportation
**Be able to locate Alaska, Hawaii, Spain, Cuba, Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Panama on a map
Assistant secretary of the navy, governor of New York, leader of the Rough Riders, vice president, president
What were Roosevelt's jobs?
He wanted to maintain economic opportunity through government regulation, he thought that big business was a part of a maturing economy and didn't see a reason to abolish it
What was Roosevelt's view on trusts and big companies in the economy?
Refers to government activities designed to break up trusts or monopolies
Coal Miner Strike
Coal miners go on strike in Pennsylvania, protesting the low wages, long workdays, and failure to recognize the Union. The strike threatened to shut down fuel supply to major American cities. Ended with a 10% increase in wages and hour reduction of the working day
Roosevelt got involved and suspended the strike
What was Roosevelt's role in the Coal Miner Strike?
Extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests by using military force
Big Stick Diplomacy
Used to intimidate other countries and say that the U.S. was going to fight for American rights and land. 'Speak softly but carry a big stick' meant that they weren't looking for a fight but had a military to back them up
Revealed the abuses of the meat packing industry, led to the passage of the Meat Inspection Act.
Wrote "The Jungle"
Improved health regulations
What did The Jungle lead Roosevelt to do?
Pure Food and Drug Act
Halted the sales of contaminated foods and medicines and called for truth in labeling
Meat Inspection Act
Ensured that meat was not misbranded and slaughtered in sanitary conditions
Roosevelt valued lands and wanted to preserve lands now known as national parks
How did Roosevelt view the United States' landscapes?
He passed the Antiquities Act
What action did Roosevelt take after viewing the United States' landscapes?
Preserved prehistoric sites and prohibited the destruction of them