18 terms

PT3: Principles of Exercise and Conditioning (Part V) and Types of Training (VI)

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The power output of an exericse
Define Workout Intensity.
The total amount of training which can be increased by frequency of training, duration of training, etc.
Define workout volume.
There exists a continual need to increase the stress placed on a muscle as it adapts to the previous stresses.
What is progressive resistance?
Metabolic and physiologic systems will adapt dependent on type of overload used.
What is the specificity principle?
Speciffic adaption to imposed demand.
What is the S.A.I.D. Principle?
The effects of exercise are transient and reversible.
What is the detraining principle?
1%
There is approximately a ____% decrease in physiological function with every day of bed rest.
The point at which performance values will plateau or decrease. Smith hypothesized that excessive training/competing causes repetitive tissue trauma that results in chronic inflammation.
What is the overtraining principle?
Neurological adaptation that does not allow for movement overloads. Also, patient might become non-compliant.
Why are monotonous programs less than ideal?
1. Mechanical
2. Metabolic
3. Overtraining syndrome - Sympathetic types and parasympathetic types.
What are the three overtraining classifications?
1. Increase in HR at rest or during exericse
2. Slow recovery after exericse
3. Poor appetite, weight loss
4. Mental instability and irritability
5. Increased BP in the resting state
6. Menstrual irregularities in females
7. Disturbed sleep (difficulties in falling asleep and early wakening)
What are the symptoms of sympathetic overtraining?
1. Low or normal resting pulse rate
2. Relatively low exercise heart rate
3. Fast recovery of heart rate after exercise
4. Hypoglycemia during exercise, good appetite
5. Normal sleep, lethargy, depression
6. Low resting BP
7. Low plasma lactates during submaximal and maximal exercise.
What are the symptoms of parasympathetic type of overtraining?
Sympathetic: Just back off. Workout less.
Parasympathetic: Highly situational. It was not really addressed in class.
How do you treat sympathetic and parasympathetic overtraining?
Maximal
Are voluntary maximal contractions or submaximal contractions superior?
30 seconds
Total contraction time seems to be responsible for the greatest gains. A total time of ___________ seconds is recommended.
Type IIX
Which muscle fibers work the most with eccentric.
20
There appears to be a carryover effect in the training joint of ______ degrees.
Muscle contraction is performed at a constant angular limb velocity. The velocity of the movement is controlled.
What is isokinetic activity?
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