Liberation, Religion & Society Test 3
Terms in this set (31)
What is the twofold original context for liberation theology?
Massive suffering due to poverty, coupled with struggle for the relief called justice
What is social analysis?
Learning how to ask the hard questions about social injustice such as unjust social structures, policies, laws, etc.
What is social sin?
The dehumanizing and death-dealing structures that create and maintain degradation
What took place at Medellin, Columbia in 1968?
A continental synod
What did the bishops make the focus of their teaching for the first time?
The question of poverty and its causes along with poor people themselves
When and where was the second synod?
Puebla, Mexico in 1979
What are some concrete examples of poverty as an "instrument of death" that are mentioned in this chapter?
Lack of food and drinkable water, lack of housing, education, and healthcare, exploitative wages of lack of employment oppurtunities
List 5 faces of the poor found in Puebla documents
1. the faces of women
2. the faces of indigenous people
3. the faces of African Americans
4. the faces of old people
5. the faces of vagrant children
What did traditional theology's image of God assume about suffering?
It was somehow permitted by God's will
What did this mean for the poor?
they were led to believe that bearing their suffering with patience would lead to an eternal reward after they died
What are "communidades ecclesiales de base"?
communities formed at the base of the church
What did they help the poor realize?
that they are beloved of God
Whoa re the "excluded among the excluded"?
Who are the "gods" in the Latin American situation?
What does the "second sex" mean and who coined it?
The inferior sex - Simone de Beauvoir
List 5 statistics that make clear the inequality of women
1. women make up 1/2 of the world's population
2. they work 3/4 of the world's working hours
3. they receive 1/10 of the world's salary
4. they own 1/100 of the planet's land
5. they constitute 2/3 of the worlds illiterate adults
What was said by the writer of 1 Timothy 2; 11-15?
no women should teach or have authority over men/ they should stay quiet/ Adam was first/ can be saved by childbearing
What was said by Tertullian?
viewed women as the second Eve/ tempt men/ "the gateway of the devil"
What was said by Augustine?
women were equal to men but were not the image of God unless they were married (to a man of course)
What was said by Thomas Aquinas?
women were "defective males" produced when the man wasn't good in bed ;)
What was said by Martin Luther?
women should live in obedience to their husbands as a way to punish Eve- they handle the house and stay there
What are 3 prejudices are part of the lives of the majority of black women?
sex, race, and class
What is white privilege?
The range of unearned advantages that come simply from being a person with white skin in the USA
Give three examples of white privilege
1. saloon workers know how to cut my hair
2. "skin colored" is usually my color (bandaids/makeup)
the belief that one race is superior to others resulting in unequal or demoralizing treatment of other races
Fighting for equality for black women
Who is the father of black liberation?
What is "popular religion"?
the peoples way of appropriating the traditional beliefs of Christianity and expressing them in their own everyday spiritual practices
What are Abuelitas?
wise older women/ grandmothers that would pray and bless and teach the children
Define Latinamente theology in the USA
seek to give voice to the faith of the peoples deeply shaped by their Latin American heritage while they live in an English speaking society
The Lady of Guadalupe- fusing Christian and indigenous
"beauty is truth and truth is beauty"