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38 terms

for IELTS/Business English writing about pie charts
by Karenne Sylvester.

The pie chart illustrates/depicts/shows/analyses/portrays...

The pie chart is (split into/ divided into/ broken up into) (five) different (parts);

The (market share) of (...) has been broken up into (five) different segments.

(Sales for the region) are demonstrated in the following pie chart and...

The pie chart is (split into/ divided into/ broken up into) (five) different (parts);

The (market share) of (...) has been broken up into (five) different segments.

(Sales for the region) are demonstrated in the following pie chart and...

Each segment/ proportion/ part /section

represents/ is represented by

Each (part) shows how much (money) was (spent)

Each (segment) explains how many (people) were

Each (proportion) depicts (the level of) (spending)

represents/ is represented by

Each (part) shows how much (money) was (spent)

Each (segment) explains how many (people) were

Each (proportion) depicts (the level of) (spending)

It can be clearly seen that (first quarter sales/sales in the first quarter) were significantly higher than

We can see that (first quarter sales) were markedly higher than

One of the most striking/noticeable differences is that (first quarter sales) were a great deal higher than

The highest (number of sales) for the year took place in the 1st quarter

We can see that (first quarter sales) were markedly higher than

One of the most striking/noticeable differences is that (first quarter sales) were a great deal higher than

The highest (number of sales) for the year took place in the 1st quarter

...whereas/while

(fourth quarter sales/sales in the fourth quarter) were significantly lower than

We can also see that/ It can also be seen that

(fourth quarter sales) were decidedly lower than

In contrast/Conversely/On the other hand,

(fourth quarter sales)

were very much lower than

(fourth quarter sales/sales in the fourth quarter) were significantly lower than

We can also see that/ It can also be seen that

(fourth quarter sales) were decidedly lower than

In contrast/Conversely/On the other hand,

(fourth quarter sales)

were very much lower than

Interestingly, (2nd quarter and 3rd quarter sales) were almost the same

The figures/number of sales/amount of people who..., however, were evenly matched in both the (2nd and 3rd quarter)

In contrast,/Conversely,/On the other hand,

(2nd quarter and 3rd quarter sales) were very similar

The figures/number of sales/amount of people who..., however, were evenly matched in both the (2nd and 3rd quarter)

In contrast,/Conversely,/On the other hand,

(2nd quarter and 3rd quarter sales) were very similar

(Sales) were noticeably higher (in the first and second quarters) than (in the third and fourth)

One thing to note is that sales (in the first half of the year) were ((far) better)/ (much) higher)/ (significantly) greater)) than in the (second half of the year)

Even though sales started off well, they dropped off in the second half of the year.

One thing to note is that sales (in the first half of the year) were ((far) better)/ (much) higher)/ (significantly) greater)) than in the (second half of the year)

Even though sales started off well, they dropped off in the second half of the year.

The minority (6%) of

The least amount of [uncountable n.]/

The lowest number of [countable n.]

The smallest proportion (6%) were

A mere 6%

A tiny minority (just 6%) were

A small fraction (only 6%) were

The least amount of [uncountable n.]/

The lowest number of [countable n.]

The smallest proportion (6%) were

A mere 6%

A tiny minority (just 6%) were

A small fraction (only 6%) were

A slight majority (52%) of the total..

A large proportion (52%) of

Most (people)...

A large proportion (52%) of

Most (people)...

The majority (66%) of

The greatest amount of [uncountable n.]/ largest number of [countable n.]

The greatest proportion (66%) were

A substantial fraction (66%)

Precisely/Exactly two thirds of (sales)

The greatest amount of [uncountable n.]/ largest number of [countable n.]

The greatest proportion (66%) were

A substantial fraction (66%)

Precisely/Exactly two thirds of (sales)

A significant

(majority/amount/number/proportion/fraction) of (people [71%] were)

(majority/amount/number/proportion/fraction) of (people [71%] were)

The vast / A massive / An overwhelming

(majority/amount/number/proportion)

A hefty proportion

(majority/amount/number/proportion)

A hefty proportion

48%, 24%, 17%, 8%, 3%

(Forty eight percent) of

The percentages show major differences in the amount of (money/data...etc..)(spent/earned/gathered)

There were noticeable differences in the number of (people, CDs...etc...) (who/which/that)(bought/sold/travelled)

(Forty eight percent) of

The percentages show major differences in the amount of (money/data...etc..)(spent/earned/gathered)

There were noticeable differences in the number of (people, CDs...etc...) (who/which/that)(bought/sold/travelled)

22%, 21%, 20%, 19% 18%

(Twenty two percent) of

The percentages show minor differences in the amount of (money/data...etc..)(spent/earned/gathered)

There were few differences in the number of (people, CDs...etc...) (who/which/that) (bought/sold/travelled)

(Twenty two percent) of

The percentages show minor differences in the amount of (money/data...etc..)(spent/earned/gathered)

There were few differences in the number of (people, CDs...etc...) (who/which/that) (bought/sold/travelled)

4%

Four percent

Almost five percent /Around one in twenty

Nearly a twentieth

Slightly less than a twentieth

Four percent

Almost five percent /Around one in twenty

Nearly a twentieth

Slightly less than a twentieth

10%

One tenth of (the market share)

...of/equaling/amounting to ten percent

One in every ten (people)

One tenth of (the market share)

...of/equaling/amounting to ten percent

One in every ten (people)

20%

(sales of ...) were equal to/ sales equalled to/ sales amounted to a fifth...

....equalling/amounting to twenty percent

One fifth of (the market share)

Two in every ten (people); one in five

(sales of ...) were equal to/ sales equalled to/ sales amounted to a fifth...

....equalling/amounting to twenty percent

One fifth of (the market share)

Two in every ten (people); one in five

25%

A quarter of

Exactly twenty five percent

One in every four

A quarter of

Exactly twenty five percent

One in every four

31%

Thirty one percent

Close to/ Around /Nearly a third...

Slightly less than a third

Thirty one percent

Close to/ Around /Nearly a third...

Slightly less than a third

33%

A third of

Exactly thirty three percent

One in every three

A third of

Exactly thirty three percent

One in every three

40%

Forty percent

Two fifths

Two in five

Forty percent

Two fifths

Two in five

47.5%

Forty seven point five percent

Just under 50%

Just under a half

Approximately one half

Around a half

Forty seven point five percent

Just under 50%

Just under a half

Approximately one half

Around a half

50%

Half of (the market share) belongs/ed to...

Precisely/Exactly fifty percent of the market share is/was taken up by...

....of/equalling/amounting to fifty percent;

One in every two...

Half of (the market share) belongs/ed to...

Precisely/Exactly fifty percent of the market share is/was taken up by...

....of/equalling/amounting to fifty percent;

One in every two...

53%

Fifty three percent

Just over a half

Approximately one half

Around a half

Fifty three percent

Just over a half

Approximately one half

Around a half

68%

Sixty eight percent

Around two thirds

Just over two in every three (people were)

Sixty eight percent

Around two thirds

Just over two in every three (people were)

75%

Seventy five percent

(Exactly/Precisely) three quarters of

Three in every four (dogs were)

Seventy five percent

(Exactly/Precisely) three quarters of

Three in every four (dogs were)

90%

Ninety percent

Nine tenths

Nine in ten (purchases were made)

Ninety percent

Nine tenths

Nine in ten (purchases were made)

-The two pie charts compare the types of English studied in Spain and Saudi Arabia and show remarkable differences.

-A noticeable variation can be seen in the kinds of English studied in the two countries.

-Significant differences in the types of English studied in Saudi Arabia and Spain can be noted in the two pie charts.

-There is a big variation in students studying different kinds of English in both Saudi Arabia and Spain.

-The two charts analyse the difference in the number of students studying Business English, IELTS, General English and other types of ESP English in Spain and Saudi Arabia.

-What type of English students study differs greatly in the two countries as illustrated in the pie charts.

-A noticeable variation can be seen in the kinds of English studied in the two countries.

-Significant differences in the types of English studied in Saudi Arabia and Spain can be noted in the two pie charts.

-There is a big variation in students studying different kinds of English in both Saudi Arabia and Spain.

-The two charts analyse the difference in the number of students studying Business English, IELTS, General English and other types of ESP English in Spain and Saudi Arabia.

-What type of English students study differs greatly in the two countries as illustrated in the pie charts.

The same amount of time was spent on

(reading and vocabulary)

The student (studied vocabulary and reading) for the same number of hours

Both reading and vocabulary equalled to 20 hours

(reading and vocabulary)

The student (studied vocabulary and reading) for the same number of hours

Both reading and vocabulary equalled to 20 hours

Twice as much time was spent on listening skills when compared with reading skills

The student spent double the time he spent reading, on listening

He spent half the amount of time reading as he did listening

The number of hours he spent reading (20 hrs) was half of the time that he had spent listening (40 hrs)

The number of hours he had spent listening (40 hrs) was double that of the time he read (20 hrs)

The student spent double the time he spent reading, on listening

He spent half the amount of time reading as he did listening

The number of hours he spent reading (20 hrs) was half of the time that he had spent listening (40 hrs)

The number of hours he had spent listening (40 hrs) was double that of the time he read (20 hrs)

Nearly four times as much time was spent on listening skills when compared with how much time he had spent learning new vocabulary

The student spent around four times the amount of time he spent reading on developing his vocabulary

The number of hours he spent in vocabulary practice (10.5 hrs) was approximately a quarter of the time that he had spent listening (40 hrs)

The number of hours he had spent learning vocabulary (40 hrs) was just under four times the time that he read (10.5 hrs)

The student spent around four times the amount of time he spent reading on developing his vocabulary

The number of hours he spent in vocabulary practice (10.5 hrs) was approximately a quarter of the time that he had spent listening (40 hrs)

The number of hours he had spent learning vocabulary (40 hrs) was just under four times the time that he read (10.5 hrs)

There was only a negligible/slight/tiny difference in the amount of time the student spent on grammar (9.5 hrs) and vocabulary (10 hrs)

The student spend around the same amount of time practising grammar and vocabulary

The difference in the time spent on grammar and vocabulary was negligible, amounting to only half an hour.

There was almost no difference in the number of hours spent on grammar and vocabulary

The student spend around the same amount of time practising grammar and vocabulary

The difference in the time spent on grammar and vocabulary was negligible, amounting to only half an hour.

There was almost no difference in the number of hours spent on grammar and vocabulary

It can be clearly noted/seen that

the number of students studying Business is far greater in Spain than in Saudi. On the other hand, far more students study for the IELTS test in Saudi than do in Spain. Moreover, the least amount of people in both Spain and Saudi study ESP English.

the number of students studying Business is far greater in Spain than in Saudi. On the other hand, far more students study for the IELTS test in Saudi than do in Spain. Moreover, the least amount of people in both Spain and Saudi study ESP English.

One striking/noticeable/remarkable/marked difference is that in Spain, just over a third of all students take Business English, whereas in Saudi Arabia, only around a quarter do.

On the other hand, while a third of students in Saudi Arabia take an IELTS course, only a fifth do so in Spain.

-Although the lowest number of students in both countries took an ESP English course, there was a difference in the amounts. The greater number, 12 million students, did so in Saudi Arabia, whereas only 7 million studied ESP in Spain.

-A closer look at the data suggests that fewer students in Spain took ESP English courses than in Saudi Arabia.

-A closer look at the data suggests that fewer students in Spain took ESP English courses than in Saudi Arabia.

-The student spent a balanced amount of time on the four skills. However, a lesser number of hours were spent in language development.

-While a balanced number of hours were spent on the four skills: writing (24 hrs), listening (22 hrs), reading (23hrs) and speaking (22.5hrs), a lot less time was spent on grammar (14 hrs) and vocabulary (17.5 hrs).

-Each segment representing the four skills equalled to roughly the same amount of time, but less time was spent on grammar and vocabulary.

-The yellow, blue, green and blue parts of the chart showed only negligible differences, whereas there was a significant difference in the amount of time spent on grammar and vocabulary, at 14 hours and 17.5 hours respectively.

-While a balanced number of hours were spent on the four skills: writing (24 hrs), listening (22 hrs), reading (23hrs) and speaking (22.5hrs), a lot less time was spent on grammar (14 hrs) and vocabulary (17.5 hrs).

-Each segment representing the four skills equalled to roughly the same amount of time, but less time was spent on grammar and vocabulary.

-The yellow, blue, green and blue parts of the chart showed only negligible differences, whereas there was a significant difference in the amount of time spent on grammar and vocabulary, at 14 hours and 17.5 hours respectively.

Furthermore/Moreover/Lastly,

10 million more students studied General English in Spain than in Saudi Arabia.

10 million more students studied General English in Spain than in Saudi Arabia.

In conclusion / To sum up / Finally

these findings / this data / the analysis / the information provided through the two pie charts

-suggest(s) that students in Spain are more concerned with learning Business English than Saudi Arabian students and that the Spanish are less interested in taking the IELTS exam. That said, a significant part of the population in both countries learns English for general purposes.

- offer(s) perspectives on the importance of English in the two countries. It can be clearly seen that general English remains critical to both countries, however, Business English is much more so to Spanish students than Saudi Arabians. Having said that, it is evident that IELTS classes are more greatly appreciated in Saudi Arabia.

these findings / this data / the analysis / the information provided through the two pie charts

-suggest(s) that students in Spain are more concerned with learning Business English than Saudi Arabian students and that the Spanish are less interested in taking the IELTS exam. That said, a significant part of the population in both countries learns English for general purposes.

- offer(s) perspectives on the importance of English in the two countries. It can be clearly seen that general English remains critical to both countries, however, Business English is much more so to Spanish students than Saudi Arabians. Having said that, it is evident that IELTS classes are more greatly appreciated in Saudi Arabia.