Everyday Latin: Review
Terms in this set (240)
throwing someone out of a window (<de - down from; fenestra - window)
everywhere (< ubique - everywhere)
someone running for office (<candidus - super white... the color of candidates' togas)
without falsity or pretending (<sine - without; cera - wax... because a statue without wax was not hiding secret faults, cracks, and broken pieces)
coordination (<dexter - right hand)
the study and collection of coins (< nummus - coin)
pertaining to money (< pecunia - money)
of or found near a river (< fluvius - river)
critically important (<quinta essentia - the "fifth element"; that which holds all other elements together)
bad, evil, unlucky (<sinister - left hand... because bad Roman omens came from the left side)
any ruler with the power/authority of Caesar; an emperor (< Caesar)
a tropical disease (< malus - bad + aēr - air... because the disease was originally thought to originate from the "bad air" of swampy regions).
sparcity, lack (< pauci -ae -a - few)
third (< tertius -a -um - third)
childish (< puer)
approval (< probus -a -um - good/honest)
beauty (< pulcher -chra -chrum - beautiful)
fat (< corpus - body)
harmful (<inimicus - enemy)
abundance (< plenus -a -um - full)
arrival, season to celebrate the arrival of the messiah (< advenīre - to arrive)
shaped like a ring (< anulus - ring)
showy (< ostendere - to show)
to remove someone from fellowship (< ostraces - pottery shards on which Greeks wrote the names of those they wanted to exile)
the opening of something (like a camera lens) (< aperīre - to open)
annō dominī (in the year of our Lord)
ante meridiem=before noon
post meridiem=after noon
et alia (and the other people)
et (and) + cetera (other things) (et cet.)
id est = that is (in other words)
exempli gratia = for example (for the sake of an example)
nota bene = note well (pay close attention)
opus citatum = work cited
post scriptum = written afterwards
Quod Erat Demonstrandum = Which was to be proved (i.e. "I proved the preceding")
requiescat in pace = rest in peace
sub verbo = under the word or heading (as in a dictionary)
versus = against
ad libitum = for the pleasure of it
circa = around
confer = compare
resumé (curriculum vitae = course of life)
Deo volente = God willing
ibidem = in the same place (< ibi = there; idem = the same)
pound (<libra - scales)
modus operandi = method of operating
<Recipe - take
sume - take, eat
nil per os - not by mouth
ante cibum - before food
bis in diem - twice per day
m. et. n.
mane et nocte - morning and night
hora somni - at the hour of sleep (bedtime)
quotidie - daily (= cotidie)
per os - by mouth
oculus dexter - right eye
oculus sinister - left eye
quod vide - refer to (lit. "which see")
pro tempore = temporarily, for the time being
sine loco - without a place (no place of publication listed)
Senatus Populusque Romanus = The senate and the people of Rome
alis volat propriis (Oregon)
"she flies with her own wings"
ad astra per aspera (Kansas)
"to the stars through the thorns"
animis opibusque parati (S. Carolina)
"prepared with our minds and resources"
audemus jura nostra defendere (Alabama)
"we dare to defend our rights"
cedant arma togae (Wyoming)
"let arms yield to the toga"
crescit eundo (N. Mexico)
"it grows as it goes"
deo gratias habeamus (Kentucky)
"let's give thanks to God"
ditat Deus (Arizona)
dum spiro spero (S. Carolina)
"while I breathe I hope"
ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem (Massachusetts)
"by the sword she seeks peace and quiet with liberty"
esse quam videri (N. Carolina)
"to be rather than to seem"
esto perpetuo (Idaho)
excelsior (New York)
imperium in imperio (Ohio)
"an empire in an empire"
si quaeris peninsulam amoenam, circumspice (Michigan)
"if you seek a pleasant peninsula, look around"
virtute et armis (Mississippi)
"by courage and arms"
labor omnia vincit (Oklahoma)
"work conquers all"
montani semper liberi (W. Virginia)
"mountain men are always free"
nil sine numine (Colorado)
"nothing without God's will"
qui transtulit sustinet (Connecticut)
"the one who brought us sustains us"
regnat populus (Arkansas)
"the people rule"
salus populi suprema lex esto (Missouri)
"the well-being of the people is the supreme law"
scuto bonae voluntatis tuae coronasti nos (Maryland)
"you have crowned us with the shield of your good will"
sic semper tyrannis (Virginia)
"thus always to tyrants"
Fortes fortuna iuvat. (Pliny the Younger)
Fortune favors the brave.
Festina lente. (Augustus)
Aut inveniam viam aut faciam.
I'll find a way or I'll make a way.
Leve fit quod bene fertur onus. (Ovid)
A burden which is born well is made light.
Perfer et obdura; dolor hic tibi proderit olim. (Vergil)
Be patient and endure; this pain will benefit you one day.
Ars est celare artem. (Ovid)
It's art to conceal art.
Humanius est deridere vitam quam deplorare. (Seneca)
It's more human to laugh at life than to cry about it.
Rident stolidi verba Latina. (Ovid)
Fools mock the Latin language.
Sola lingua bona est lingua mortua.
The only good language is a dead language.
Carpe diem, quam minimum credula postero. (Horace)
Seize the day, trust as little as possible in tomorrow.
Possunt quia posse videntur. (Vergil)
They are able because they seem to be able.
Nam concordia parvae res crescunt, discordia maximae dilabuntur. (Sallust)
For in harmony, small things grow, but in discord, great things will fall apart.
De gustibus non est disputandum. (Horace)
One should not argue about matters of taste.
Nihil novi sub sole. (Ecclesiastes)
There's nothing new under the sun.
Dimidium facti qui bene coepit habet. (Horace)
He who has begun well has half the job done.
Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori. (Horace)
It is sweet and fitting to die for your country.
Nihil est ab omni parte beatum. (Horace)
Nothing is blessed in every way.
Nil sine magno vita labore dedit mortalibus. (Horace)
Life has given nothing to mortals without hard work.
Non omnia possumus omnes. (Vergil)
We can't all do everything.
Qui nihil discere vult, nihil discere potest. (Diodorus)
The one who wants to learn nothing, is able to learn nothing.
Illegitimi non carborundum.
Don't let the bastards grind you down.
Est autem fides credere quod nondum vides; cuius fidei merces est videre quod credit. (St. Augustine)
It's faith to believe what you don't yet see; the reward of this faith is to see what you believe.
Homo divinum animal.
Man is a divine animal.
Antiqua sunt optima.
Ancient things are best.
Docti domi discunt. (Diodorus)
The learned learn at home.
justitia omnibus (Washington D.C.)
justice for all
e pluribus unum (U. S. A.)
one out of many
annuit coeptis (U. S. A.)
God has approved our founding
novus ordo seclorum (U. S. A.)
a new order of the ages
Qualis artifex pereo! (Nero)
I'm dying as such a great artist!
Homo sum: humani nihil a me alienum puto. (Terence)
I'm a human being: I consider nothing human foreign to me.
Ars longa, vita brevis. (Hippocrates)
Art is long, life is short.
Aurea Mediocritas (Horace)
The Golden Mean
O, urbem venalem et mature perituram, si emptorem invenerit! (Sallust)
O, city for sale and ripe for destruction, if only it could find a buyer!
In hoc signo vinces. (Constantine)
By this sign, you will conquer.
Cogito ergo sum. (Descartes)
I think therefore I am.
Inter sacrum saxumque stare. (Plautus)
To stand between a rock and a sacred place.
Quandoque bonus dormitat Homerus. (Horace)
Sometimes good Homer takes a nap.
Carthago delenda est. (Cato the Elder)
Carthage must be destroyed!
Quis custodiet ipsos custodes? (Juvenal)
Who will guard the guards themselves?
Quot homines, tot sententiae. (Terence)
However many men, so many opinions.
Dux famina facti. (Vergil)
The leader of the deed was a woman.
Exegi monumentum aere perennius. (Horace)
I have left a monument more lasting than bronze.
Forsan et haec olim meminisse iuvabit. (Vergil)
Perhaps even to have remembered these things will benefit us one day.
Reddite ergo quae sunt Caesaris, Caesari, et quae sunt Dei, Deo. (Jesus)
Therefore give unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's.
Odi et amo. (Catullus)
I hate and I love.
O tempora! O mores! (Cicero)
O the times! O the morals!
Alea iacta est. (Julius Caesar)
The die has been cast.
Amor vincit omnia et nos cedamus amori. (Vergil)
Love conquers all things, and let us yield to love.
Summum ius, summa iniuria. (Cicero)
The most law, the least justice.
Catapultam habeo. Nisi pecuniam omnem mihi dederis, ad caput tuum saxum immane mittam.
I have a catapult. If you don't give me all your money, I'll launch a huge rock at your head.
Si hoc legere scis, nimium eruditionis habes.
If you can read this, you have too much education.
Quantum materiae materietur marmota monax si marmota monax materiam possit materiari.
How much wood could a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood?
Fac ut gaudeam!
Make my day!
Ad eundum audacter quo nemo ante iit.
To boldly go where no one has gone before.
Potestatem genus obscuri nescitis.
You don't know the power of the dark side.
Sit vis tecum!
May the force be with you!
Sona si Latine loqueris.
Honk if you speak Latin.
Sentio aliquos togatos contra me conspirare.
I have a feeling that some men in togas are conspiring against me.
Canis meus id comedit.
My dog ate it.
Credo Elvem etiam vivere.
I believe that Elvis still lives.
Duc, sequere, aut de via decede!
Lead, follow, or get out of the way!
Quod in abysso dicis?
What in the heck are you talking about?
Me transmitte sursum, Caledoni!
Beam me up, Scotty!
Magister mundi sum!
I'm the master of the world!
Recedite, plebes! Gero rem imperialem!
Out of the way, commoners! I'm conducting imperial business!
Sic faciunt omnes.
Everybody's doing it.
Ēs mea femuralia!
Eat my shorts!
Fac ut vivas!
Get a life!
Caesar si viveret, ad remum dareris!
If Caesar were alive, he'd chain you to an oar.
Utinam barbari spatium proprium tuum invadant.
I wish that barbarians would invade your personal space!
Vacca, vacca, vacca! (Fozzie Bear)
Cow, cow, cow!
Vah! Denuone Latine loquebar? Me ineptum! Interdum modo elabitur.
Oh! Was I speaking in Latin again? My bad. Sometimes it just slips out.
Antiquis temporibus, nati tibi similes in rupibus ventosissimis exponebantur ad necem.
In the good old days, children like you were left to die on windswept crags.
Noli me vocare, ego te vocabo.
Don't call me, I'll call you.
a slip of the tongue, a mistake
Qui tacet consentire videtur.
He who is silent seems to agree.
sine qua non
very important person
persona non grata
Damnant quod non intellegunt.
They condemn what they don't understand.
Dictum ac factum!
No sooner said than done!
sui iuris (law)
in one's own right
deus ex machina (drama)
god out of the machine
alma mater (education)
nourishing mother (h.s. or college)
dramatis personae (drama)
characters in a play
in loco parentis (law)
in the place of a parent
alter ego (psychology)
cui bono? (law)
for whose good?
in situ (archaeology)
in its original position
casus belli (history)
the cause of the war
tabula rasa (philosophy)
et tu, Brute? (drama)
Even you, Brutus?
Ex nihilo nihil fit. (philosophy)
Nothing is made from nothing.
Arma virumque cano. (epic)
I sing of arms and a man.
cum laude (education)
magna cum laude (education)
with great praise
summa cum laude (education)
with the highest praise
in vino veritas
There is truth in wine.
by the fact itself
Remember that you are mortal.
Nemo me impune lacessit. (literature)
Nobody attacks me with impunity.
ars gratia artis (drama)
art for the sake of art
mar < muris (mouse); mota < montis (mountain); flavus yellow; venter = belly) Yellow-bellied mountain mouse
rhamphos (beak); -astos (huge); sulfuratus (yellow/sulfur-colored)
hali (sea); aetus (eagle); leucos (white); cephalus (head)
mel (honey); ursus (bear); ursinus -a -um (bear-like)
lox (curved); odonta (tooth); africana (from Africa)
alopex (fox); lagos (hare/rabbit); pus/pous (foot)
canis (dog); lupus (wolf)
porcellus (little pig); spina (thorn or prickle); pes (foot)
alnus (alder); rubra (red)
urtica (nettle); piscis (fish); vorare (to eat/devour)
nāsus (nose); ūnus (one); cornu (horn)
crassus (thick, heavy); ostrea (oyster); gigas (giant)
aulon (a pipe); rhynchus (beak/snout); flavidus (yellow)
acantha (spine); urus (tail); achilles (greatest Greek warrior of the Trojan War
zebra (striped); soma (body); flavescens (yellow)
luna (moon); lewisii (Lewis')
sebastes (showy/rock fish); niger (black); cinctus (belted)
tamias (a storer); sciurus (squirrel); hudsonicus (from the Hudson Bay region)
equus (horse); asinus (donkey)
natrix (water snake); piscator (fisherman)
Diomedes (a Greek warrior who was blown off course on his way home from the Trojan war); niger (black); pes (foot)
sagitta (arrow); serpens (snake)
poly (many); stichos (a row); munitum (defended)
thuja (arbor vitae - a "false" cedar); plicatus (braided, folded)
pycnos (compact, dense); pod (foot); helius (sun); anthos (flower); -ides (resembling)
Obesa videris in illa stola.
You look fat in that dress.
Tu es ursus perpauli cerebri!
You're a bear of very little brain.
Blitea belus es!
You're a stupid animal!
Nihil spurcius est te!
Nothing is nastier than you!
Tace et abi!
Shut up and get out!
Caput tuum in ano est!
Your head is up your butt.
Iuppiter te perdat!
May Jupiter destroy you!
Mihi molestus ne sis!
Stop bugging me!
Pessime et nequissime!
Totally no-good jerk!
Vappa ac nebulo!
Stultior es asino!
You're dumber than a donkey!
What a dolt!
Flocci non facio!
I don't give a rip!
Mater tua tam obesa est ut cum Romae sit, urbs habeat octo colles!
Your mama's so fat that when she's in Rome, the city has eight hills!
Tu res petricosa es!
You're a waste of space!
Nemo aspicit, quin ingemescat.
Nobody looks at you without groaning in disgust.
Omnes aditum, sermonem, congressum tuum fugiunt!
Everyone runs from your approach, your conversation, and your company!
Deformed old hag!
Non amo te, nec possum dicere quare.
I don't like you, and I can't say why.
Faciem durum cacantis habes.
You have the face of a constipated man.
Quod mare conceptum spumantibus expuit undis?
What sea vomited you from its foamy waves?
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