Academic Decathlon 2018-2019 Literature
Terms in this set (147)
When and where was Tom Stoppard born?
July 3, 1937 in Zlinn, Czechoslovakia
When did Tom Stoppard and his family move to England?
What was Tom Stoppard's first job?
A journalist at Western Daily Press in Bristol, England
When and how was Tom Stoppard's interest in theater piqued
1948 when he saw a production of Hamlet
What was Tom Stoppard's first work?
A Walk on the Water
Who was Tom Stoppard's agent?
When did Tom Stoppard write Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Meet King Lear?
When did Oxford Playhouse pick up Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead for the Edinburgh Festival Fringe?
When was Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead picked up for the National Theater in London?
What were Tom Stoppard's other major works?
Jupiter, Travesties, and Arcadia
What did Tom Stoppard's works explore?
Identity, performance, imagination, meta-theater, and philosophy
When did Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead become a movie?
What is the plot of Hamlet?
Hamlet is a Danish prince whose uncle, Claudius, steals his father's crown and wife. The ghost of Hamlet's father tells him to get revenge so Hamlet feigns madness and tries to create a play to expose Claudius, they all die at the end.
What are Rosencrantz and Guildenstern's roles in Hamlet?
They are old friends of Hamlet who are summoned by Claudius to figure out what's wrong with Hamlet
What are Rosencrantz and Guildenstern's role in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead?
They are main characters who are inquisitive and clueless
What act and scene of Hamlet of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern summoned by Claudius?
Act 2 Scene 2
What happens in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead when Hamlet characters show up?
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are "trapped" in the script of Hamlet, their speech changes, and it shows the scripted nature of their actions
What two plot points of Hamlet are altered in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead?
The play commissioned by Hamlet and the switching of the letter
What are the Realist works that influenced Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead?
Gustave Flaubert's A Simple Heart, Leo Tolstoy's The Death of Ivan Ilytch and Fyodor Dostoevsky's Notes From the Underground
Don't stick to traditional chronology, explore interior consciousness, present new ways of being in the world
Who were the figures that influenced Modernism?
T.S. Elliot and Sigmund Freud
Humans need to take agency over themselves
Explored creativity in Greek Mythology
Dreams and unconsciousness
Illogical, challenged capitalism
Responded to concerns of modernist writers, irreverence towards "high art", played with language and linguistics, often parodies older works, language is messy and complicated, plays with concepts rather than taking a serious approach
Influential postmodernist writer, criticized writers who wrote as if literary innovation had not happened
What events in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead show the influence of postmodernism on the work?
It parodies Hamlet, there are several existential crises, and there is a large aspect of "play" shown by the coin and question and answer games
A play is always conscious of itself
What were two major influences on literature of the 60s?
Freud and existentialism
Psychologist who studied psychoanalysis and consciousness
Who were the major developers of existentialism?
Soren Kierkegaard, Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, and Albert Camus
Nothing can legitimately serve as the defining purpose of human distance, individuals are responsible for their own actions and have the agency to create their own meaning
Willful self-definition that allows one to act in the best interest of others
Theater of the Absurd
Laws of physics, identity, linguistics, and predictability are nonexistent, argues about the absurdity of the human condition
Waiting for Godot
Waiting for Godot
Two characters trapped in a seemingly empty and meaningless version of life looking for meaning and purpose
When was Waiting for Godot first performed?
What are the similarities between Waiting for Godot and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead?
They both question logic and reasoning and they both feature an intellectual pairing with a goal to discover the purpose of life
What are the names of the main characters of Waiting for Godot?
Didi and Gogo
What is the basic plot of Pirandello's Enrico IV?
A man gets a head injury and thinks he is Henry IV so his friends go along with it for years until they discover he has known he is not Henry IV for a long time
What is the basic plot of Pirandello's Six Characters In Search of An Author?
A group of actors complains about a Pirandello play before a family comes along to explain to them that they are characters in a novel then a director has all the characters perform a classic melodrama
What are the similarities between Six Characters In Search of An Author and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead?
They both question what is reality, they both deal with the concept of performance vs. reality, and they both contain characters that are desperate for control of their own actions
What is the basic plot of Jean Rhys' Wise Sargasso Sea?
It reimagines Bertha Mason from Jane Eyre and gives her a new identity and story as Antoinette Cosway
How was Wide Sargasso Sea and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead similar?
They both bring secondary characters of another work into the role of a main character
What is the basic plot of Act One of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead?
It starts with a coin flip between Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, they express they can't remember anything, tragedian arrive, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are launched into a Shakespeare scene, then they role play to try to figure out Hamlet before Hamlet comes in and Act One ends
What purpose does the coin flip in Act One of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead serve?
It creates a sense of boredom, and distinguishes Ros From Guil
What purpose does the lack of memory of Ros and Guil serve?
It reminds us they are not humans but characters and they have no life before the play begins
What purpose does The Player serve in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead?
He is used to transmit ideas about theater, reality, and tragedy
Who comes in when the tragedians leave in Act One?
What do Rosencrantz and Guildenstern do to prepare for their interrogation of Hamlet?
They use role play in a question and answer game
What is the basic plot of Act Two of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead?
Ros and Guil interrogate Hamlet and get nowhere, they watch the tragedian's dress rehearsal, and they realize they will die and try to escape the stage
What happens during the conversation between Ros, Guil, and Hamlet in Act Two?
Ros and Guil try to distract Hamlet, Hamlet uses odd expressions to try to say he is not mad while keeping up the appearance that he is, Hamlet catches them in deception, nd the conversation makes comments on the use of language and literature in the 60s
Why does Ros yell Fire in Act Two?
To make comments about free speech
What happens when the Player shows up in Act Two?
Guil and Ros get caught in an insult game, the Player makes comments that express the idea that if no one is watching the actors perform they don't really exist, and there are points made about the conjunction of theater and life
What happens after the Player leaves in Act Two?
A scene from Hamlet is done verbatim
What is the significance of the play the Player shows Ros and Guil in Act Two?
It is very similar to Hamlet the play, and it showcases two spies that are dressed like Ros and Guil and serve as representatives of Ros and Guil who later take their spots at the end of Act Two
What is Guil's definition of death and why is it important?
Death isn't dramatic it just means there is the absence of that person which is important because his death consists of him simply disappearing to let the audience know he is dead
What does Claudius order Ros and Guil to do at the end of Act Two?
To find out what Hamlet did with Polonius' body
What is the basic plot of Act Three of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead?
Ros and Guil wake up on a boat, they read the letter they are supposed to deliver that orders Hamlet's death, pirates come on the boat, Ros and Guil reread the letter that now orders their deaths, the Player and his troupe come and talk about death, Ros and Guil disappear, and the final tableau of Hamlet is depicted
What do Ros and Guil discuss at the beginning of Act Three?
The fact that bringing Hamlet to the king is their only purpose and the meaning of their assignment
What is the significance of Ros' disbelief in England?
It shows that the characters only know what they have experience on stage
What happens after Ros and Guil discover Hamlet is on the boat is Act Three?
Guil describes Hamlet, gives a synopsis of Hamlet the play, and comments on life in the 20th century
What happens when the pirates attack in Act Three?
Hamlet escapes and Ros, Guil, and the Players jump into barrels
What happens when Ros and Guil find out the letters have been switched in Act Three?
Guil is confused, the Player is nonchalant, Guil tries to stab the Player but is unsuccessful because he used a fake knife, then the Players Act our all the types of death that occur at the end of Hamlet before leaving Ros and Guil alone
What happens in the last scene of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead?
After Ros and Guil muse about their deaths they disappear offstage, the last scene of Hamlet takes for, and Horatio's summative soeech ends the play as the lights fade out
Where was Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead restaged for its 50th anniversary?
Old Vic in England
Postmodernist short story writer
What are common themes in Donald Barthelm's work?
Characters put in absurd situations, abstract experimental writing that consists of a collection of details, brings collage into literature
What is the plot of The Phantom of the Opera?
A masked opera ghost wants to love a woman named Christine and wreaks havoc to win her
When was The Phantom of the Opera's Friend first published?
February 7, 1970 in The New Yorker
How is the Phantom portrayed differently in The Phantom of the Opera's Friend than in The Phantom of the Opera?
He is portrayed as lacking in self confidence rather than being portrayed as deformed yet tender
How many sections does The Phantom of the Opera's Friend consist of?
What does the sixth section of The Phantom of the Opera's Friend reference?
The Phantom of the Opera's author Gaston Leroux
What does the fourth section of The Phantom of the Opera's Friend reference?
What is the basic plot of The Phantom of the Opera's Friend?
The Phantom of the Opera has a friend that wants him to get plastic surgery so he can enter the real world, after lots of convincing the Phantom finally agrees but never shows up to the appointment because he doesn't want to conform to society
Whose work does Barbara L. Coe compare Barthelme's The Phantom of the Opera's Friend to?
Poe's The Fall of the House of Usher and Dante's Inferno
When was MLK born?
January 15, 1929
When, where, and why was MLK arrested?
April 1963 in Birmingham, Alabama due to protests he had planned
Who criminalized public gathering and withdrew funding from programs the benefited black people in anticipation for civil rights protests?
Eugene "Bill" Connor
What prompted MLK's Letter From a Birmingham Jail?
On April 12, 1963 MLK's associate brought him a newspaper that included a "Call for Unity" from a clergyman who called for a stop to demonstrations
When and where was A Letter From a Birmingham Jail first published?
June 1963 in Liberation, The Christian Century, and The New Leader
What is the tone of A Letter From a Birmingham Jail?
Gentle correctives, new perspectives, and new information
What ethos is used in A Letter From a Birmingham Jail?
Quotes and ideas from theologians, saints, national leaders, and philosophers, affiliation of SCLC, and the reimagined idea of extremism
What logos is used in A Letter From a Birmingham Jail?
Outline of direct action, and justification of involvement in protest
What pathos is used in A Letter From a Birmingham Jail?
Anaphora is used to list circumstances black people deal with and personal stories regarding children are used
What three words does MLK reframe in A Letter From a Birmingham Jail?
Law, tension, and extremism
How does MLK reframe the word "tension" in A Letter From a Birmingham Jail?
Tension had the potential to create change and should not be feared
How does MLK reframe the word "law" in A Letter From a Birmingham Jail?
He examines just and unjust laws using historical and philosophical evidence and reframed that laws should only be followed if they adhere to moral law
How does MLK reframe the word "extremist" in A Letter From a Birmingham Jail?
Non-violent protests fall between complacency and extremism and you can be a positive extremist
What is kairos?
Rhetorical appeal that takes advantage of the setting
How does MLK use kairos in A Letter From a Birmingham Jail?
He uses the setting of the jail to build ethos
What is telos?
The purpose of a speech
What is the telos of A Letter From a Birmingham Jail?
To spread the argument behind the Civil Rights Movement
What short story collection is The Lesson a part of?
Gorilla, My Love
Who is the narrator of The Lesson and why is she significant?
Sylvia, and she is significant because as she is learning about the world outside of her community she paints a picture of her neighborhood and the people in it providing a window into a poverty-stricken world
Why is Miss Moore from The Lesson significant?
She educates the community youths and provides the kids with a lesson about the world they live in
What type of language do the kids in The Lesson use?
African American Vernacular English or Ebonics
What comparison is made in The Lesson and how is it made?
The comparison between affluence and poverty is shown through the kids' uncomfortable energy in the toy store due to the prices of the toys
What conclusion does Sylvia draw from the comparison made in The Lesson?
She connects it to her own world and her eyes are opened about the disparities in wealth prevalent in society
What type of writer is Etheridge Knight?
A prison writer
What are the main themes and plot of The Idea of Ancestry?
Knight is trying to survive loneliness in prison and has 47 phots of his family in his cell with whom he feels spatially separated but connected through physical a features, views of world, and genes
What do the women in Knight's life represent in The Idea of Ancestry?
What is the significance of the mention of the rouge uncle in The Idea of Ancestry?
It underscores the narrators own situation
What does part two of The Idea of Ancestry discuss?
The narrator's childhood home and being pulled away from family by drugs
What does the last stanza of The Idea of Ancestry discuss?
The meaning of family
What songs cemented Bob Dylan as a great songwriter?
His political songs
When did Bob Dylan win a Nobel Prize and what did he win it for?
2016 for Literature
What is the concept of A Hard Rain's A Gonna Fall?
It follows a traveler on a quest and the horrors he sees, each stanza poses a question to a "blue-eyed son" , it talks about lost innocence, triumph of greed, and constant warfare in response to the Cold War, industrialization, and wealth disparities
What is A Hard Rain's A Gonna Fall patterned after?
What does the title of A Hard Rain's A Gonna Fall reference?
It is a biblical reference to the great flood and it is a reference to the threat of nuclear war
What does the second stanza of A Hard Rain's A Gonna Fall consist of?
Auditory elements like thunder and it depicts indifference to suffering, and a juxtaposition of merri,ear and sadness
What does the last stanza of A Hard Rain's A Gonna Fall consist of?
The plans of the "blue-eyed son" to become a voice for the suffering
When and where was A Hard Rain's A Gonna Fall first performed?
September 22, 1962 at Carnegie Hall
What does Masters of War consist of?
Stanzas that makes accusations towards those who profit off war
What is the tone of Masters of War?
Simple and angry
What was most shocking about Masters of War?
The last stanza wishes for death
What happened on August 28, 1963?
William Zantzinger, who killed a black barmaid named Hattie Carroll, was sentenced to only 6 months in a local jail
What does The Lonesome Death Of Hattie Carroll point out?
Unequal legal practices when it comes to race
What do the four stanzas of The Lonesome Death Of Hattie Carroll talk about?
The first talks about the crime and the arrest, the second talks about the privilege of Zantzinger, the third talks about the life of Hattie Carroll, and the last announces the sentence in a tongue-in-cheek way
What does the repeated line of The Lonesome Death Of Hattie Carroll mean?
No one should be surprised at the crime
How does The Lonesome Death Of Hattie Carroll depict Zantzinger?
Privileged with no regard for his own crime
How does The Lonesome Death Of Hattie Carroll depict Hattie?
As a non offensive victim
What is New Journalism?
Journalism that takes a more subjective approach to events by using first-person narrative storytelling
Slouching Towards Bethlehem
The essay collection that contained Where the Kissing Never Stops, most of the essays had been previously published elsewhere
Where is the title of Slouching Towards Bethlehem taken from and what does it mean?
From the W.B. Yeats poem The Second Coming, it references social and political changes
Who is Joan Baez?
An accomplished folk singer and activist
What does part one of Where the Kissing Never Stops depict?
Dr.Gearld Petkus and his wife opposing Baez's school at a courthouse
What was Baez's musical style?
Traditional folk ballads with a new style
What is unclear throughout Where the Kissing Never Stops?
Whether Baez is an individual political voice or a pawn
What was Baez's school?
An Adobe house in Carmel Valley that hosted a weeklong program dedicated to peace and meditation
Who is Ira Sandperl and how is he depicted in Where the Kissing Never Stops?
A large presence in the anti-war movement who is depicted as a radical peace monger
What opinion does Didion show she has towards activists?
She shows she has a skeptical attitude
When did Tim O'Brien serve in the Vietnam War?
February 1969 to March 1970
The Things They Carried
A book of short stories that includes Ambush, each story is told from a different perspective in the war
The Man I Killed
A companion to Ambush, blurs the lines between fact and story, describes the narrator's bombing of a Viet Cong solider
How is Ambush different than The Man I Killed?
Ambush focuses more on the life of the man rather than the death
What is the meaning of Ambush?
It expressed the senselessness of killing and challenges the ideology that killing and dying and for your country is patriotic and noble
The Phantom of The Opera's Friend
Donald Barthelm, 1970
Letter From a Birmingham Jail
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr,, 1963
Toni Case Bambara, 1972
The Idea of Ancestry
A Hard Rain's A-Gonna Fall
Bob Dylan, 1962
Masters of War
Bob Dylan, 1963
The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll
Bob Dylan, 1964
Where the Kissing Never Stops
Joan Didion, 1968
Tim O'Brien, 1990