Stithsonianscience Properties of Energy 2018-19

Basic vocabulary for a middle school unit on Energy.
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Terms in this set (...)

energy
the ability to produce change or to move something some distance
matter
anything that has mass and volume, and is made of atoms and molecules
Law of Conservation of Energy
Energy cannot be created or destroyed; it can only change forms.
kinetic
energy of motion
potential
stored energy or the energy of position
electrical
type of energy created by moving charges
chemical
type of energy stored in food and molecular bonds
nuclear
type of energy stored in the nucleus of an atom
mechanical
type of energy created by a moving mechanism, such as a fan blade
sound
type of energy created by vibrations that some one or something can hear
thermal
molecular motion of matter (can be increased by friction between two materials)
light
type of energy involving photons that can be detected by someone's or something's eyes
elastic
type of potential energy stored in a stretched rubber band or a compressed spring
gravitational
type of potential energy stored in object held above the ground (waiting for gravity to pull it down)