Strayer, Ways of the World for the AP® Course, 4e, Chapter 2
Terms in this set (13)
The region in the southern reaches of Mesopotamia between the Tigres and Euphrates rivers, mostly in present-day Iraq. Home to an early civilization that arose around 3500 b.c.e. to 3000 b.c.e., this area likely gave rise to the world's earliest written language.
One of the earliest civilizations in world history, with a three-thousand-year history as an intact state ruled by pharaohs. It became part of an international political system that included Babylon and Mesopotamia.
A region to the south of Egypt in the Nile Valley, noted for its development of a separate civilization with an alphabetic writing system and a major ironworking industry by 500 b.c.e.
A region along the central coast of Peru, home to an early civilization that developed from 3000 b.c.e. to 1800 b.c.e.
The largest of some twenty-five urban centers that emerged in the Norte Chico region along the central coast of Peru from 3000 b.c.e. to 1800 b.c.e.
Indus Valley civilization
A major civilization that emerged in what is now Pakistan during the third millennium b.c.e., in the valleys of the Indus and Saraswati rivers, noted for the uniformity of its elaborately planned cities over a large territory.
Central Asian/Oxus civilization
A major First Civilization that emerged around 2200 b.c.e. in Central Asia in the Oxus or Amu Darya River valley in what is now northern Afghanistan and southern Turkmenistan. An important focal point for a Eurasian-wide system of intellectual and cultural exchange, it faded away by about 1700 b.c.e.
An early civilization that developed along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico around 1200 b.c.e. and possibly created the first written language in the Americas.
The largest city of ancient Mesopotamia, with a population around 50,000 in the third millennium b.c.e. (pron. OOH-rook)
Epic of Gilgamesh
Mesopotamia's ancient epic poem dating to around 2000 b.c.e.
Major cities of the Indus Valley civilization, both of which flourished around 2000 b.c.e. (pron. moe-hen-joe DAHR-oh) / (pron. hah-RAHP-uh)
Code of Hammurabi
A series of laws publicized at the order of King Hammurabi of Babylon that reveals much about the social order of Mesopotamian civilization. (pron. hahm-moo-RAH-bee)
A social system in which women have been made subordinate to men in the family and in society; often linked to the development of plow-based agriculture, intensive warfare, and private property.
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