Strayer, Ways of the World for the AP® Course, 4e, Chapter 3
Terms in this set (14)
A major empire of the second-wave era that expanded from the Iranian plateau to incorporate the Middle East from Egypt to India; flourished from around 553 to 330 b.c.e.
A radical form of direct democracy in which most of the free males of Athens were able to vote in the Assembly and officeholders were chosen by lot.
A half century of intermittent conflict (499-449 b.c.e.) between the Greek city-states and the Persian Empire. During two major Persian invasions of Greece, in 490 b.c.e. and 480 b.c.e., the Persians were defeated on both land and sea.
The Greek civil war (431-404 b.c.e.) that followed the Greco-Persian Wars, with Sparta defending city-state independence against Athenian dominance; the war left the Greeks in a state of distrust and disunity.
Alexander the Great
A ruler of Macedonia who unified the Greek city-states and during a ten-year military expedition (334-323 b.c.e.) conquered Egypt, the Persian Empire, and part of northwest India, creating a vast Greek empire.
The period from 323 to 30 b.c.e. in which Greek culture spread widely in the Middle East and parts of India in the cities and kingdoms ruled by Alexander's political successors.
A cosmopolitan Egyptian city established by Hellenistic rulers, with a population of half a million people; a major avenue for the spread of Greek culture and learning.
A title that implied divine status for Octavian (r. 27 b.c.e.-14 c.e.), who emerged as sole ruler of the Roman state at the end of an extended period of civil war.
The "Roman peace," a term typically used to denote the stability and prosperity of the early Roman Empire, especially in the first and second centuries c.e.
Literally "first emperor from the Qin"; Shihuangdi (r. 221-210 b.c.e.) forcibly reunited China and established a strong state that governed, often brutally, according to a Legalist philosophy. (pron. chin shee-HUANG-dee)
The Chinese dynasty (206 b.c.e.-220 c.e.) that emerged after the Qin dynasty collapsed, establishing political and cultural patterns that lasted into the twentieth century.
The first and largest of India's short experiments with a large-scale political system (326-184 b.c.e.), it encompassed all but the southern tip of the Indian subcontinent. (pron. MORE-yuhn)
The most famous ruler of India's Mauryan Empire (r. 268-232 b.c.e.), who converted to Buddhism and tried to rule peacefully and with tolerance.
An era of Indian civilization from 320 to 550 c.e. that witnessed considerable political unity, cultural flourishing, and thriving trade.
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