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14 terms

Types of Body Movements

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flexion
movement in the saggital plane that decreases the angle of the joint and brings two bones closer together
extension
opposite of flexion; movement in the saggital plane that increases the angle of the joint or distance between two bones or parts of the body
hyperextension
extension greater than 180 degrees
rotation
movement of a bone around its longitudinal axis
abduction
moving a limb away in the frontal plane from the median plane of the body, spreading the fingers apart
adduction
opposite of abduction; movement of a limb toward the body midline
circumduction
a combination of all the movements, commonly seen in ball and socket joints where the proximal end of the limb is stationary while the distal end moves in a circle
dorsiflexion
lifting the foot so the superior surface approaches the shin, standing on the heels
plantar flexion
pointing the toes
inversion
turning the sole of the foot medially
eversion
turning the sole of the foot laterally
supination
forearm rotation laterally so that the palm is facing anteriorly and the radius and ulna are parallel
pronation
forearm rotation medially so that the palm faces posteriorly and the ulna and radius are crossed
opposition
touching the thumb to other fingers