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Unit 2

STUDY
PLAY
synovial
Epithellial membranes DO NOT include ____ membranes. a. cutaneous b. synovial c. serous d. mucous
skin
An example of cutaneous membrane would be: a. the lining of the abdomen b. the covering of the lung c. skin d. the lining of a joint
visceral peritoneum
The membrane covering the organs of the abdomen is called the: a. visceral pleura b. visceral peritoneum c. parietal pleura d. parietal peritoneum
of a blood vessel
Which of the following is NOT a mucous membrane, the lining...? a. of the trachea b. of the mouth c. inside the urethra d. of a blood vessel
bursae
Small sacs lined with synovial fluid in joints are called: a. mucocutaneous sacs b. visceral sacs c. parietal sacs d. bursae
stratum corneum
The outermost layer of the epidermis is called the: a. dermal papillae b. stratum corneum c. stratum germinativum d. subcutaneous layer
stratum germinativum
The layer of the epidermis that is constantly undergoing mitosis is called the: a. dermal papillae b. stratum corneum c. stratum germinativum d. subcutaneous layer
stratum corneum
The layer of the epidermis that contains cells full of keratin is the: a. dermal papillae b. stratum corneum c. stratum germinativum d. subcutaneous layer
dermal papillae
The layer in skin that gives you a unique set of fingerprints is the: a. dermal papillae b. stratum corneum c. stratum germinativum d. subcutaneous layer
subcutaneous layer
The layer that is below the dermis and contains fat and blood vessels is called the: a. dermal papillae b. stratum corneum c. stratum germinativum d. subcutaneous layer
dermal papillae
The upper region of the dermis contains peglike projections called: a. reticular bundles b. dermal papillae c. epidermal follicles d. keratin bodies
hair shaft
The visible part of the hair is called the: a. hair follicle b. hair papilla c. hair shaft d. none of the previous
lunula
Which structure is not associated with a hair? a.shaft b. lunula c. follicle d. papilla
arrector pili
The small muscle attached to the hair is called the: a.hair papilla b. lanugo c. arrector pili d. hair root
sebaceous
The glands of skin that produce oil that lubricates the hair and skin are the ____ glands. a. sebaceous b. apocrine c. eccrine d. endocrine
eccrine
Which sudoriferous glands are very numerous and found over the total body surface? a. sebaceous b. apocrine c. eccrine d. endocrine
apocrine
Which sudoriferous glands are larger and are found in the axilla and around the genitals? a. sebaceous b. apocrine c. eccrine d. endocrine
none, all of the above are functions of skin
Which of the following is NOT a function of skin? a. protection b. sense organ for the body c. temperature regulation d. none, all of the above are functions of skin
consists of 11 areas of the body, each covering about 9% of the body
The "rule of nines:" a. is a method of determining the severity of burns b. consists of 9 areas of the body, each covering about 11% of the body. c. consists of 11 areas of the body, each covering about 9% of the body d. both a and b
a second-degree
A burn involving both the epidermis and the upper layers of the dermis is called a ____ burn. a. a first-degree b. a second-degree c. a third-degree d. a full-thickness
it is the outermost layer of skin
The following is true of the epidermis: a. it is the outermost layer of skin b. it is made up of connective tissue c. it is thicker than the dermis d. all of the above are true of the epidermis
all of the previous
Burns can be caused by: a. ultraviolet light b. fire or hot surfaces c. electrical current d. all of the previous
hematopoiesis
The red bone marrow is important in the skeletal function of: a. protection b. support c. hematopoiesis d. storage
a long
The humerus is an example of _____ bone. a. a short b. a long c. a flat d. an irregular
an irregular
The bones of the spine are examples of ____ bone. a. a short b. a flat c. a long d. an irregular
diaphysis
The hollow shaft of a long bone is called the: a. diaphysis b. epiphyses c. periosteum d. endosteum
endosteum
The thin fibrous membrane covering the shaft of the long bone is called the: a. diaphysis b. epiphyses c. periosteum d. endosteum
periosteum
The strong fibrous membrane covering the shaft of the long bone is called the: a. diaphysis b. epiphyses c. periosteum d. endosteum
osteon
Another name for the Haversian system is: a. central canal b. lacunae c. canaliculi d. osteon
lacunae
The bone cells in the Haversian system are found in little spaces called: a. central canal b. lacunae c. canaliculi d. none of the previous
canaliculi
Nutrients pass from the blood vessels to the bone cells by way of the: a. central canal b. canaliculi c. lacunae d. lamella
osteoblasts
The bone-forming cells are called: a. osteoclasts b. osteocytes c. osteoblasts d. chondrocytes
chondrocytes
Cartilage cells are called: a. osteoclasts b. osteocytes c. osteoblasts d. chondrocytes
osteoclasts
The bone-reabsorbing cells are called: a. osteoclasts b. osteocytes c. osteoblasts d. chondrocytes
epiphyseal plate
As long as this is present in a bone, bone growth can continue. a. diaphysis b. epiphyseal plate c. epiphysis d. osteoclasts
carpal bone
Which bone is NOT part of the axial skeleton? a. rib b. vertebra c. carpal bone d. sternum
mandible
Which bone does NOT contain one of the paranasal sinuses? a. mandible b. maxilla c. frontal d. ethmoid
floating
Ribs that do not attach to costal cartilage all are ____ ribs. a. true b. false c. floating d. none of the previous
tibia and fibula
The two bones of the lower leg are the: a. tibia and fibula b. ulna and radius c. femur and humerus d. none of the previous
hand
The metacarpals are the bones of the: a. wrist b. ankle c. foot d. hand
femur
The bone of the thigh is the: a. ulna b. femur c. humerus d. radius
all ribs attach to the sternum
Which of the following statements is NOT true of ribs? a. all the ribs attach to vertebrae b. all ribs attach to the sternum c. there are three pairs of false ribs d. there are four floating ribs
sacrum
This bone is NOT part of the coxal bone. a. sacrum b. pubis c. ischium d. ilium
insertion
The muscle attachment to the more movable bone is called the: a. origin b. insertion c. tendon d. bursae
bursae
A fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushioning, lubricating structure for muscle movement is a(n): a. origin b. insertion c. tendon d. bursae
the elbow
If an injury caused damage to the insertion of the biceps brachii muscle (the anterior muscle of the upper arm), the injury would be nearest: a. the shoulder b. the middle of upper arm c. the elbow d. none of the previous
actin
The THIN myofilament of the skeletal muscles is made of: a. sacromere b. actin c. myosin d. z-lines
myosin
The THICK myofilament of the skeletal muscles is made of: a. sacromere b. actin c. myosin d. z-lines
sacromere
The basic contractile unit of a skeletal muscle is the: a. sacromere b. actin c. myosin d. z-lines
neuromuscular junction
The point of contact between the nerve and the muscle fibers it stimulates is called a: a. motor unit b. motor neuron c. neuromuscular junction d. neurotransmitter
isotonic
The muscle contracts and shortens and the insertion end moves toward the point of origin. This sentence describes ____ contractions. a. twitch b. titanic c. isotonic d. isometric
both b and c: cardiac & skeletal
Striations are found in ____ muscle. a. smooth b. cardiac c. skeletal d. both b and c
voluntary
Skeletal muscles is also called _____ muscle. a. cardiac b. voluntary c. visceral d. involuntary
cardiac
Intercalated disks are found in ____ muscle. a. smooth b. cardiac c. skeletal d. voluntary
visceral
Smooth muscle is also called ____ muscle. a. cardiac b. voluntary c. visceral d. skeletal
isometric
The muscle contracts but does not shorten, even thoug an increase in muscle tension does occur. a. twitch b. titanic c. isotonic d. isometric
latissimus dorsi
Which of the followiing muscles in NOT a muscle of the head and neck? a. frontal b. masseter c. latissimus dorsi d. zygomaticus
rectus abdominis
Which of the following muscles is NOT a muscle that moves the upper extremities? a. biceps brachii b. triceps brachii c. latissimus dorsi d. rectus abdominis
rotation
Movement around a longitudinal axis is: a. supination b. rotation c. dorsiflexion d. pronation
abduction
Moving a part of the body away from the midline of the body is called: a. adduction b. abduction c. rotation d. pronation
supination
The hand position when the body is in anatomical positio is: a. dorsiflexion b. pronation c. supination d. plantar flexion