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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. metabolic alkalosis
  2. hemolysis
  3. milliequivalents per liter
  4. anions
  5. osmotic pressure
  1. a a condition characterized by an excess of bicarbonate ions in the body in relation to the amount of carbonic acid in the body; the pH rises to greater than 7.45
  2. b the pressure exerted by a solution necessary to prevent osmosis into that solution when it is separated from the pure solvent by a semipermeable membrane
  3. c lysis of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin
  4. d negatively charged ions
  5. e mEq/L, number of grams of a specific electrolyte dissolved in 1 L of plasma.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. abnormally low level of calcium in the blood
  2. higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood
  3. the dissolved substance in a solution
  4. a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
  5. a transfusion prepared from a donor's own blood

5 True/False questions

  1. cationspositively charged ions

          

  2. crystalloidsa condition that occurs with increases in blood bicarbonate or decreases in blood carbonic acid; blood pH above 7.45 (low hydrogen ion concentration)

          

  3. transfusion reactiona serious, and potentially fatal, complication of a blood transfusion in which a severe immune response occurs because the patient's blood and the donated blood do not match

          

  4. solventa liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances

          

  5. dehydrationa process that separates materials based on the size of their particles