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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. metabolic acidosis
  2. hypermagnesemia
  3. transfusion reaction
  4. cations
  5. hydrostatic pressure
  1. a an excess of magnesium in the blood plasma
  2. b a condition characterized by a deficiency of bicarbonate ions in the body in relation to the amount of carbonic acid in the body, in which the pH falls to less than 7.35
  3. c Pressure exerted by a volume of fluid against a wall, membrane, or some other structure that encloses the fluid.
  4. d a serious, and potentially fatal, complication of a blood transfusion in which a severe immune response occurs because the patient's blood and the donated blood do not match
  5. e positively charged ions

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a condition that occurs with increases in blood bicarbonate or decreases in blood carbonic acid; blood pH above 7.45 (low hydrogen ion concentration)
  2. mEq/L, number of grams of a specific electrolyte dissolved in 1 L of plasma.
  3. a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
  4. VAD, devices such as a needle, cannula, or catheter that allow direct access to the circulatory system
  5. low blood volume

5 True/False questions

  1. homologous transfusiona tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level


  2. active transportenergy-requiring process that moves material across a cell membrane against a concentration difference


  3. osmotic pressurethe pressure exerted by a solution necessary to prevent osmosis into that solution when it is separated from the pure solvent by a semipermeable membrane


  4. osmosislysis of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin


  5. oncotic pressureThe osmotic pressure in the blood vessels due only to plasma proteins (primarily albumin) --> causes water to rush back into capillaries at end.