5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- vascular access device
- oncotic pressure
- a the process by which molecules move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration
- b The osmotic pressure in the blood vessels due only to plasma proteins (primarily albumin) --> causes water to rush back into capillaries at end.
- c VAD, devices such as a needle, cannula, or catheter that allow direct access to the circulatory system
- d IV fluids seep into the subcutaneous tissue around the venipuncture site. Causes swelling, pallor, coolness, pain, edema.
- e higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood
5 Multiple choice questions
- abnormally low level of potassium in the circulating blood leading to weakness and heart abnormalities
- the concentration of solutes in body fluids
- lysis of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin
- inflammation of a vein (usually in the legs)
- water moves from a more dilute solution (of a solute) to a more concentrated solution (of the solute) through a membrane that is permeable to the solvent until the solution is equalized
5 True/False questions
hypocalcemia → the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood
hypercalcemia → the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood
infusion pump → device that delivers fluids and medications under positive pressure.
hypovolemia → low blood volume
respiratory alkalosis → a condition characterized by an excess of bicarbonate ions in the body in relation to the amount of carbonic acid in the body; the pH rises to greater than 7.45