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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. hyperkalemia
  2. homologous transfusion
  3. transfusion reaction
  4. antidiuretic hormone
  5. osmolarity
  1. a a serious, and potentially fatal, complication of a blood transfusion in which a severe immune response occurs because the patient's blood and the donated blood do not match
  2. b transfusion prepared from another individual whose blood is compatible with that of the recipient. Also called allogeneic transfusion
  3. c higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood
  4. d ADH. hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus
  5. e Solute concentration expressed as molarity.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. water moves from a more dilute solution (of a solute) to a more concentrated solution (of the solute) through a membrane that is permeable to the solvent until the solution is equalized
  2. TNP, administration of a nutritionally adequate solution through a catheter into the vena cava
  3. A peptide hormone secreted by cardiac atrial cells in response to atrial distension (increased blood flow); causes increased renal sodium excretion and as such lowers blood pressure (antagonizing aldosterone). causes vasodilation and osmoregulation.
  4. an excess of chloride in the blood plasma
  5. water loss through the skin and lungs

5 True/False questions

  1. hypovolemialow blood volume


  2. arterial blood gasABG, measures the partial pressures of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the arterial blood


  3. crystalloidselectrolyte solutions that move freely between the intravascular compartment and interstitial spaces


  4. anionspositively charged ions


  5. cationsnegatively charged ions