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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. hypermagnesemia
  2. sensible water loss
  3. hydrostatic pressure
  4. hypomagnesemia
  5. osmosis
  1. a an excess of magnesium in the blood plasma
  2. b water loss that is noticed by a person, such as through urine output and sweating
  3. c Pressure exerted by a volume of fluid against a wall, membrane, or some other structure that encloses the fluid.
  4. d water moves from a more dilute solution (of a solute) to a more concentrated solution (of the solute) through a membrane that is permeable to the solvent until the solution is equalized
  5. e deficiency of magnesium in the blood plasma

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. deficiency of chloride in the blood plasma
  2. abnormally low level of sodium in the blood
  3. abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  4. (used of solutions) having the same or equal osmotic pressure
  5. device that delivers fluids and medications under positive pressure.

5 True/False questions

  1. angiotensinnegatively charged ions


  2. hyperkalemiahigher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood


  3. osmotic pressureThe osmotic pressure in the blood vessels due only to plasma proteins (primarily albumin) --> causes water to rush back into capillaries at end.


  4. active transportHormone that constricts blood vessels, resulting in increase in blood pressure. A normal blood protein produced by the liver, angiotensin is converted to angiotensin I by renin (secreted by kidney when blood pressure falls). Angiotensin I is further converted to angiotensin II by ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme). Angiotensin II is a powerful systemic vasocontrictor and stimulator of aldosterone release, both of which result in an increase in blood pressure.


  5. osmolaritySolute concentration expressed as molarity.