5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- sensible water loss
- hydrostatic pressure
- a an excess of magnesium in the blood plasma
- b water loss that is noticed by a person, such as through urine output and sweating
- c Pressure exerted by a volume of fluid against a wall, membrane, or some other structure that encloses the fluid.
- d water moves from a more dilute solution (of a solute) to a more concentrated solution (of the solute) through a membrane that is permeable to the solvent until the solution is equalized
- e deficiency of magnesium in the blood plasma
5 Multiple choice questions
- deficiency of chloride in the blood plasma
- abnormally low level of sodium in the blood
- abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
- (used of solutions) having the same or equal osmotic pressure
- device that delivers fluids and medications under positive pressure.
5 True/False questions
angiotensin → negatively charged ions
hyperkalemia → higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood
osmotic pressure → The osmotic pressure in the blood vessels due only to plasma proteins (primarily albumin) --> causes water to rush back into capillaries at end.
active transport → Hormone that constricts blood vessels, resulting in increase in blood pressure. A normal blood protein produced by the liver, angiotensin is converted to angiotensin I by renin (secreted by kidney when blood pressure falls). Angiotensin I is further converted to angiotensin II by ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme). Angiotensin II is a powerful systemic vasocontrictor and stimulator of aldosterone release, both of which result in an increase in blood pressure.
osmolarity → Solute concentration expressed as molarity.