5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- metabolic acidosis
- transfusion reaction
- hydrostatic pressure
- a an excess of magnesium in the blood plasma
- b a condition characterized by a deficiency of bicarbonate ions in the body in relation to the amount of carbonic acid in the body, in which the pH falls to less than 7.35
- c Pressure exerted by a volume of fluid against a wall, membrane, or some other structure that encloses the fluid.
- d a serious, and potentially fatal, complication of a blood transfusion in which a severe immune response occurs because the patient's blood and the donated blood do not match
- e positively charged ions
5 Multiple choice questions
- a condition that occurs with increases in blood bicarbonate or decreases in blood carbonic acid; blood pH above 7.45 (low hydrogen ion concentration)
- mEq/L, number of grams of a specific electrolyte dissolved in 1 L of plasma.
- a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
- VAD, devices such as a needle, cannula, or catheter that allow direct access to the circulatory system
- low blood volume
5 True/False questions
homologous transfusion → a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level
active transport → energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell membrane against a concentration difference
osmotic pressure → the pressure exerted by a solution necessary to prevent osmosis into that solution when it is separated from the pure solvent by a semipermeable membrane
osmosis → lysis of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin
oncotic pressure → The osmotic pressure in the blood vessels due only to plasma proteins (primarily albumin) --> causes water to rush back into capillaries at end.