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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. diffusion
  2. vascular access device
  3. oncotic pressure
  4. hyperkalemia
  5. infiltration
  1. a the process by which molecules move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration
  2. b The osmotic pressure in the blood vessels due only to plasma proteins (primarily albumin) --> causes water to rush back into capillaries at end.
  3. c VAD, devices such as a needle, cannula, or catheter that allow direct access to the circulatory system
  4. d IV fluids seep into the subcutaneous tissue around the venipuncture site. Causes swelling, pallor, coolness, pain, edema.
  5. e higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. abnormally low level of potassium in the circulating blood leading to weakness and heart abnormalities
  2. the concentration of solutes in body fluids
  3. lysis of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin
  4. inflammation of a vein (usually in the legs)
  5. water moves from a more dilute solution (of a solute) to a more concentrated solution (of the solute) through a membrane that is permeable to the solvent until the solution is equalized

5 True/False questions

  1. hypocalcemiathe presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood


  2. hypercalcemiathe presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood


  3. infusion pumpdevice that delivers fluids and medications under positive pressure.


  4. hypovolemialow blood volume


  5. respiratory alkalosisa condition characterized by an excess of bicarbonate ions in the body in relation to the amount of carbonic acid in the body; the pH rises to greater than 7.45