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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. total parenteral nutrition
  2. electrolyte
  3. hyponatremia
  4. metabolic alkalosis
  5. solvent
  1. a abnormally low level of sodium in the blood
  2. b a substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that conducts an electric current
  3. c TNP, administration of a nutritionally adequate solution through a catheter into the vena cava
  4. d a condition characterized by an excess of bicarbonate ions in the body in relation to the amount of carbonic acid in the body; the pH rises to greater than 7.45
  5. e a liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. transfusion prepared from another individual whose blood is compatible with that of the recipient. Also called allogeneic transfusion
  2. increases interstitial and vascular volumes, hypertension; tachycardia; strong bounding pulses; moist crackles/wheezes; jugular vein distension; dependent edema; taut skin turgor; low or normal urine output; low urine specific gravity; weight gain
  3. positively charged ions
  4. the dissolved substance in a solution
  5. abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues

5 True/False questions

  1. electronic infusion deviceEID - a piece of medical equipment that delivers intravenous fluids at a prescribed rate through an intravenous catheter


  2. hypertonicwhen comparing two solutions, the solution with the greater concentration of solutes


  3. osmolalitythe concentration of solutes in body fluids


  4. milliequivalents per litermEq/L, number of grams of a specific electrolyte dissolved in 1 L of plasma.


  5. hypovolemiaabnormally low level of potassium in the circulating blood leading to weakness and heart abnormalities