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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. phlebitis
  2. vascular access device
  3. hypovolemia
  4. atrial natriuretic peptide
  5. anions
  1. a A peptide hormone secreted by cardiac atrial cells in response to atrial distension (increased blood flow); causes increased renal sodium excretion and as such lowers blood pressure (antagonizing aldosterone). causes vasodilation and osmoregulation.
  2. b inflammation of a vein (usually in the legs)
  3. c VAD, devices such as a needle, cannula, or catheter that allow direct access to the circulatory system
  4. d low blood volume
  5. e negatively charged ions

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. (used of solutions) having the same or equal osmotic pressure
  2. enzyme that is produced by the kidney; important for blood pressure and volume regulation; catalyzes the conversion of circulating angiotensinogen to angiotensin I
  3. positively charged ions
  4. device that delivers fluids and medications under positive pressure.
  5. higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood

5 True/False questions

  1. metabolic acidosisacidosis resulting from reduced gas exchange in the lungs (as in emphysema or pneumonia or hypoventilation)

          

  2. total parenteral nutritionTNP, administration of a nutritionally adequate solution through a catheter into the vena cava

          

  3. active transportenergy-requiring process that moves material across a cell membrane against a concentration difference

          

  4. solutiona homogeneous mixture of two or more substances

          

  5. osmolaritythe concentration of solutes in body fluids