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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (36)
Golden Age, moved capital to Baghdad
had Muhammad's descendent killed, Sunni, rich
had Taj Mahal built after wife died
Abbas the Great
built Isfahan, leader of Safavids
Ottoman: Golden Age, patron of Arts
messenger of God
house of god in Mecca
successor to Muhammad
struggle in God's service to spread/defend Islam
pilgrimage center for Muslims
Islamic system of law
What are all able Muslims supposed to do at least once in their life?
Go an a hajj or journey to Mecca
What are the 4 Islamic teachings?
Monotheistic, Quran, Five Pillar, Jihad
What is the Quran?
Sacred word of God as revealed to Muhammad
Which language do Muslims read their holy book in?
Describe women and Islam.
Veiled, rarely left home, originally protected
What belief is held by Muslims, Christians and Jews?
What is the majority branch in Islam?
The split between Sunni and Shiite Muslims began with disagreement over what?
Choice of caliph
Why were the Muslims so successful in spreading Islam?
Others had fought each other to exhaustion
The Muslims were stopped where in their spread of Islam?
Battle of Tours against France
How did the Sufis help spread Islam?
What title/name was given to a Seljuk Turk ruler?
What groups of people invaded and caused chaos to the Muslims?
Mongols, Crusaders, Seljuks
What are the new business practices developed by the Muslims?
Partnerships, banks, checks
What were the achievements in the Muslim medical world?
Flavored meds, hospitals, cataract surgery
Why are there no pictures/statues of an Islamic God or of Muhammad?
Consider it idol worship
What great Disney movie comes from The Thousand and One Nights?
Describe Muslim society.
Improve status with education, non-Muslims were slaves, could convert
What are the differences between Hindus & Muslims?
Hindus: polytheistic, caste, many texts, idols, Muslims: monotheistic, equal, 1 text, no idols
How did Akbar the Great strengthen Mughal India?
Tolerance, learned from different religious leaders, modernized army
What is the Taj Mahal?
Tomb for Shan Jahan's wife
Why was the Ottoman Empire outpaced by European powers?
Ottoman remained dependent on agriculture
Why did many conquered people convert to Islam?
Rejection of caste system
List the Five Pillars
Declare faith, Daily Prayer, Charity for poor, Fast during Ramadan, Make the Hajj
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