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SSAT prep: Math
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Terms in this set (61)
integer
any number that does not contain either a fraction or a decimal
postitive numer
any number, decimal or fraction larger than zero
negative numer
any number less than zero
prime number
any number which is divisible only by 1 and itself, 1 in not a prime number. 2,3,5,7,13, 131
digit
Any of the symbols used to write numbers (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9)
consececutive numbers
any series of number listed in the order they apear on the number line 1,2,3, even consecutives are 2,4,6
distinct numbers
numbers that are different from one another
additive inverse
(mathematics) one of a pair of numbers whose sum is zero
additive property of zero
a + (-a) = 0
adjacent
near, next to, adjoining
alternate exterior angles
Angles that lie outside a pair of lines and on opposite sides of a transversal.
alternate interior angles
angles between 2 lines and on opposite sides of a transversal
apex
the highest point (of something)
associative property
Changing the grouping of numbers will NOT change the value. For example: (7 + 4) + 8 = 7 + (4 + 8) also works with multiplication
binary
of or pertaining to a number system have 2 as its base
biscet
divide into two equal parts
cardinal numbers
A whole number that answers the question "How many?"
Cartesian product
the set of elements common to two or more sets
chord
a straight line connecting two points on a curve
closed curve
a curve (such as a circle) having no endpoints
commission
a percentage of sales
common factor
a number that is a factor of two or more numbers
common mulitple
...
commutative property
The order of two numbers may be switched around and the answer is the same.
complementary angles
two angles whose sum is a right angle
complex numbers
ALL Numbers
composite numbers
a whole number greater than 1 that has more than two factors
cross product
In an equation made up of two fractions, the numerator of one fraction times the denominator of the other fraction.
cubic unit
used to measure volume
cumulative
increasing through successive addition
distributive property
a(b+c)=ab+ac
domain
a knowledge domain that you are interested in or are communicating about
factorization
a product written with prime factors
finite
having limits; lasting for a limited time
hypotenuse
the side of a right triangle opposite the right angle
intersecting angles
...
inverse operations
Operations that do the exact opposite of each other; they undo each other (addition and subtraction, for example)
least common multiple
the smallest multiple that is exactly divisible by every member of a set of numbers
minor arc
part of a circle that measures less than 180
minuend
the number from which the subtrahend is subtracted, a number from which another number is subtracted
multiplicand
the number that is multiplied by the multiplier
multiplicative inverse
(mathematics) one of a pair of numbers whose product is 1: the reciprocal of 2/3 is 3/2
ordered pair
A pair of numbers that give the location of a point on a grid.
perpendicular lines
Two lines that intersect to form right angles
polygon
a closed plane figure bounded by straight sides
prime factorization
A way of expressing a whole number as a product of its prime factors.
Probability
a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur
proportion
an equation that states that two ratios are equal
scalene triangle
a triangle with no two sides of equal length
scientific notation
A method of writing or displaying numbers in terms of a decimal number between 1 and 10 multiplied by a power of 10.
skew
two lines that do NOT lie in the same plane, are not parallel, and do not intersect
subtrahend
a number that is subtracted
supplementary angles
Two angles whose sum is 180 degrees
time and a half
a rate of pay that is 1.5 times the regular rate
transversal
A line that intersects two or more lines.
variable
a quantity that can assume any of a set of values
velocity
speed in a given direction
vertex
the point of intersection of lines or the point opposite the base of a figure
mass
the amount of matter in an object
x-axis
...
Y-axis
...
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