CCJ1020 Final Exam Review

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

1st Amendment
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition
2nd Amendment
A well regulated MILITIA, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and BEAR ARMS, shall NOT be infringed.
3rd Amendment
No quartering of soldiers
4th Amendment
Protection against UNREASONABLE SEARCH AND SEIZURE, shall NOT be violated, and no WARRANT shall issue, but upon probable cause supported by Oath of Affirmation, describing a persons place to be searched and seized.
-DUE PROCESS
5th Amendment
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a GRAND JURY, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the MILITIA, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb(DOUBLE JEOPARDY); nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without DUE PROCESS of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without JUST COMPENSATION
6th Amendment
The right to a SPEEDY AND PUBLIC TRIAL by an impartial jury of the state district, representation by an attorney for an accused person, "DRAW THE COURT ROOM"
7th Amendment
In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall EXCEED TWENTY DOLLARS, THE RIGHT OF THE JURY SHALL BE PRESERVED, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
8th Amendment
EXCESSIVE BAIL shall not be required, nor EXCESSIVE FINES imposed, nor CRUEL AND UNUSAL PUNISHMENTS inflicted.
9th Amendment
The ENUMERATION in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. (THE UMBRELLA OF THE CONSTITUTION)
10th Amendment
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor PROHIBITED by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
18th Amendment
Prohibition of alcohol
21st Amendment
Repeal of prohibition of alcohol aka 18th ammendment (18th Amendment)
13th Amendment (1865)
Abolition of slavery w/o compensation for slave-owners
14th Amendment (1868)
section 1- equal protection of law for all naturalized and born citizens ; naturalized citizens, due process
15th Amendment (1870)
right to vote regardless of race; race no-bar to vote
19th Amendment (1920)
right to vote regardless of sex/gender, women's right to vote
26th Amendment (1971)
voting age=18 yrs
what is the big of rights (BOR)?
The first 10 amendments.
Article 1
Legislative Branch vested in the Congress
Article 2
Executive Branch vested in the president
Article 3
Judicial branch vested in the Supreme Court
T/F there are 27 amendments in the constitution?
True
Jurisdiction
The TERRITORY, subject matter,or people over which court or other justice agencies may exercise lawful authority, as determined by statute or constitution.
-Original Jurisdiction
-Appellate Jurisdiction
original jurisdiction
-The lawful authority of a court to hear/act on a case from its beginning to pass judgement

-The jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in a trial. These are the courts that determine the facts about a case.
appellate jurisdiction
-The lawful authority of a court to review a decision made by a lower court.
USSC
Influence in the CJ system
- Law enforcement
- Corrections
- Courts

6 Males; of those 6 males there is 1 African American

3 Females; of those 3 females there is 1 hispanic

Total 9

8 associate justices and one CHIEF JUSTICE

-LOCATED IN WASHINGTON D.C
Authority off the USSC
-Law of the land
- can NOT be OVERRULED
-however...the ussr CAN overrule ITSELF
T/F The 17th judicial circuit 4th DCA is Broward County courts
TRUE
State Court System
A state judicial structure. Most states have at least three court levels: trial courts, appellate courts, and a state supreme court.
Federal Court System
The three-tiered structure of federal courts, comprising US. DISTRICT COURTS,U.S COURTS OF APPEAL, and the U.S Supreme SUPREME COURT
U.S. Court of Appeals
A court within the second tier of the three-tiered federal court system, to which decisions of the district courts and federal agencies may be appealed for review.
-12 regional circuits
-referred to as circuit courts
appeal
the request that a court with an appellate jurisdiction review the judgement, decision, or order a lower court and set It aside or modify it.
T/F The bill of rights is the first 10 amendments of the constitution.
True
What are the 3 components of the CJ system?
1. Law enforcement
2. Courts
3. Corrections
What are the three Jurisdictions of the CJ system?
- Local/municipal: Davie PD
-state: Florida Highway Patrol
-federal: FBI
Judge
An elected or appointed public official who presides over a court of law and who is authorized to hear and sometimes to decide cases and to conduct trials.
Prosecuting Attorney (Prosecutor)
An attorney whose official duty is to conduct criminal proceedings on behalf of the state or the people against those accused of having committed criminal offenses.
defense counsel
A licensed trial lawyer hired or appointed to conduct the legal defense of a person accused of a crime and to represent him or her before a court of law.
Bailiff
The court officer whose duties are to keep order in the courtroom and to maintain physical custody of the jury.
clerk of court
aka county clerk; maintains all records or criminal cases including all pleas and motions made before and after the trial. The clerk also prepares the jury pool, issues jury summonses, and subpoenas witnesses for both the prosecution and the defense.
lay witness
An eyewitness, character witness, or other person called on to testify who is not considered an expert. Lay witnesses must testify to facts only and may not draw conclusions or express opinions.
jurors
a member of a trial or grand jury who has been selected for jury duty and is required to serve as an arbiter of the facts in a court of law. Jurors are expected to render verdicts of "guilty" or "not guilty" as to the charges brought against the accused, although they may sometimes fail to do so.
victim
the person affected by the crime, an unfortunate person who suffers from some adverse circumstance
Defendant
In a criminal action, the person or party accused of an offense.
the press
receive newspapers, communicate members of press
Goal of sentencing
deterrence, rehabilitation, incapacitation, rehabilitation, restoration
what are the security levels?
1. minimum
2. low
3. medium
4. high
5. Administrative
jails
- never a co-ed unit
- more men than women
- North Broward (1200 inmates)
- Joseph v. Conte (1328 inmates all men jail)
- paul rein (1020 inmates females)
Inmate rights
- visitation is a privilege; attorney visitation is a right
- mail: reasonable restrictions... searched for drugs but mail cannot be read
- freedom of religion.
- Medical care
- Sanitary and health conditions
- Medical attention
- Medications
-Must follow proper medical treatment and doctors orders
T/F DOC=STATE
TRUE
T/F BOP=FEDERAL
TRUE