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dcmsat Painting Terms and Methods
Terms in this set (50)
Pigment dispersed in polymer-based synthetic resin emulsion that dries to a tough, nontoxic, flexible film.
The effect of colors and tones becoming paler, cooler, and less detailed as they recede from the viewer, with diminishing light/dark contrasts.
The condition when the visual weights of all elements in a composition are equally distributed.
Brushstrokes that are blended carefully, so that the final surface has a smooth appearance.
A technique of applying paint in layers so that the open spacing between strokes allows portions of underlying brushstrokes to remain visible.
A heavy woven fabric, the most commonly used support for oil paintihg, and also frequently used for acrylics.
The term used to describe and measure the purity of a color.
Pairs of colors that appear opposite one another on the color wheel (red/green, violet/yellow),and (blue/orange). When combined in a pure state, create a neutral gray.
The overall visual organization of an artwork.
A relationship of opposing qualities in painting.
The illusion of space in a painting.
Liquids used to thin down paint, such as turpentine or mineral spirits for oils and water for the water-based paints.
Light coming from a specific source.
A method of painting in which paint of a dry or stiff consistency is stroked across the canvas, usually with the bristles of the brush slightly splayed out.
Brushstrokes that preserve the distinctness of separate marks.
Figurative or Representational Painting
A painting of something actual, as opposed to an abstract painting.
Key details found throughout a picture.
A painting 'ground commonly made from chalk and glue.
Colors that are close together on the color wheel (e.g., blues and violets, reds and yellows) and do not set up sharp contrasts.
The indication where sky and earth would appear to meet if the ground were perfectly flat and nothing blocked the view. It also corresponds to the eye level of the viewer.
The color name. The property of color that shows its relationship in terms of wavelength to other colors in the spectrum.
A term used to describe either the particular subject being painted, the painting itself, or a specific part of a painting.
A thick application of paint to a canvas or other support, applied with either a brush or a knife.
A painting of an outdoor scene.
The natural color of an object as seen by the eye.
The condition of light when a glow seems to be generated from within an object or surface. Also, a condition when forms themselves are aglow, as if they are translucent and light is shining through them rather than falling on them from an outside source.
Making an object appear solid and three-dimensional, through gradations of tone and color.
A painting that represents a moment or moments of an actual or implied story that unfolds over time.
Space in between, around, or behind positive shapes.
The quality of paint that will not allow light or other pigments to show through.
A characterization or expressionistic way of painting in which there is definite surface texture, and brush strokes are clearly visible and overlap.
The character of the physical surface of the painting.
A portable surface for mixing colors.
The plane occupied by the physical surface of the picture.
An image of an identifiable person.
Shapes in the foreground or shapes of represented things.
The three colors in the spectrum that cannot be made from mixtures of other colors. The primaries are red, yellow, and blue.
Laying a ground such as gesso on a canvas, board, or other support.
Colors established by mixing two primary colors. Green, orange, and purple are all secondary colors.
Image made by the artist to represent himself.
A painting depicting an arrangement of immobile objects, which may be organic or inorganic.
Symmetry (or Symmetrical Balance)
When the forms on the left and right halves of a composition are exact, or nearly exact, mirror images of each other.
Tromp I' oeil
lllusionistic painting that fools viewers into believing that they are seeing actual three-dimensional objects instead of their representation.
A point on the horizon line where a set of parallel lines or planes would seem to converge, if extended.
The basic ingredients used to make a work of art, including line, shape, color, value, texture, and space.
The (real or imaginary) position including the distance, angle, and height - of the artist's view in relationship to the subject matter.
Transparent medium, the same as aquarelles, made with a mixture of pigments and gum arabic that is soluble in water.
Pure, intense color, unmixed with any black or white.
A thin based color that can be seen through- watercolor qualities
Opaque colors are colors that you cannot see through. (Paint is usually mixed very thickly to make it opaque.)
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