Only $2.99/month

Terms in this set (137)

1.: Precommunicative spelling is used to describe writing that only conveys meaning for the child who wrote it. At this stage, the child conveys a message through scribbles, shapes, drawings, and/or letters that are strung together randomly and does not know that letters represent sounds. Examples: PRT = cake, RLFP = type. (Stages 1-3)
2. Semiphonetic: Semiphonetic spellers know that letters represent sounds. The word semiphonetic is used to indicate that these spellers write only some of the letters in a word. They very often use an initial consonant to represent a whole word. They may or may not put spaces between words Examples: K= cake, t = type, MBEWWLNT = My baby was with me last night. (Stages 4-6)
3. Phonetic: Phonetic spellers spell words the way they sound. They write all the sounds they hear in words. These spellings do not necessarily look like English spellings, but they are quite readable. Initial and final consonants are in place, and these spellers gradually add vowels, even though they may not be correct. Word spacing is evident. Examples: cak = cake, tip = type, caek = cake, It trd in to a brd = It turned into a bird. (Stages 6-7)
4. Transitional: Transitional spellers begin to write words in more conventional ways. These spellers undergo a transition from reliance on sound to reliance on visual memory of how the word looks in print. They write with more correct vowels in every syllable. Often, all the letters necessary to spell the word are there, but some letters may be reversed. Examples: tipe = type, caek = cake, huose = house, opne = open. (Stage 7-8)
5. Conventional: Conventional spellers develop over years of word study, reading, and writing. Their knowledge of the spelling system is firmly established. These spellers know when words don't look right, and they experiment with alternatives. They spell a large number of words automatically. Conventional spelling is a lifelong process. (Stage 9 and beyond)