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16 terms

Lab Final Fungal Char/Groups

Lab Final Fungal Characteristics Groups
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Fungal Characteristics 1
eukaryotes multicellular
non-photosynthetic
form spores
cell walls are composed of chitin
reproduce both sexually and asexually
Fungal Characteristics 2
have hyphae -plural
have hypha -singular
fungi-plural
fungus-singular
Fungal roles
decomposers in the environment
cause many plant and animal diseases
fermentation
Fungi's contain:
yeasts
molds
mushrooms
cup fungi
lichens
Major groups of Fungi
Zygomycota
Ascomycota
Basidiomycota
Deuteromycota
Zygomycota
bread molds
produce zygospores-sexual
or sporangiospores-asexual
Ex of Zygomycota
Rhizopus nigricans
Mucor indicus
Ascomycota
sac fungi
produce ascospores: sexual
or conida: asexual
sepate hyphae
Dutch elm disease
Ex of Ascomycota
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
athlete's foot
Basidiomycota
club fungi-mushrooms
produce basidiospores-sexual
NO known Asexual stage!!
septate hyphae
wheat rust
corn smut
Ex: Basidiomycota
Amanita phalloides-lethal to eat
Parts of mushroom:3
stalk
cap
gills
Deuteromycota
Fungi imperfecti
septate hyphae
ringworm
Ex of Deuteromycota
Aureobasidium pullulans
Oomycetes
water molds
potato blight
Potato blight organism
Phytophora infestans