83 terms

Unit 1 Test - HBS

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

superficial
toward body surface
deep
away from body surface
proximal
toward where limbs attach
lateral
away from midline of body
medial
toward the midline of body
distal
away where limbs attach
superior
toward the head
inferior
away from the head
cephalic
head
buccal
cheek
axillary
armpit
abdominal
stomach
umbilical
belly button
coxal
hip
inguinal
groin
digital
fingers, toes
anterior (ventral)
toward the belly
orbital
eyes
nasal
nose
oral
mouth
cervical
neck
sternal
middle of chest
brachial
arms
thoracic
chest
antecubital
front of elbow
carpal
wrist
pelvic
pelvis
femoral
thigh
patellar
front of knee
tarsal
ankle
posterior (dorsal)
toward the back
occipital
back of head
scapular
shoulder blade
vertebral
spine
olecranal
back of elbow
sacral
lower spine
calcaneal
heel
lumbar
lower back
popliteal
back of knee
gluteal
butt
epithelial tissue-function
boundary
connective tissue-function
connect
nervous tissue-function
communication
muscular tissue-function
movement
epithelial tissue-structure
tightly packed cells in a line (bricks)
connective tissue-structure
any tissue that isn't one of the others
muscular tissue-structure
long and thin
nervous tissue-structure
has long branches from main stem
number of cervical vertebrae
7
number of thoracic vertebrae
12
number of lumbar vertebrae
5
axial skeleton
bones of body trunk and head
appendicular skeleton
bones of limbs and limb girdles
orbicularis oculi function
close eyes, squint, blink
orbicularis oris function
close and protrude lips
temporalis function
close jaw
skeletal muscle function
move body (limbs)
smooth muscle function
move substances (organs)
DNA structure
double helix, ATCG
cardiac muscle function
pump blood involuntarily (heart)
DNA function
stores genetic information, makes proteins
DNA-identity
everyone has their own that is specific to them
bones to find age
pelvis, femur, humerus
bones to find race
skull
bones to find height
femur, humerus
bones to find sex
pelvis, skull, femur, humerus
RFLP ( restriction enzyme) function
cut DNA
cutting DNA with EcoRI
same forewords as it is backwards (palindrome)
size of DNA fragments after cut determines
gel electrophoresis image
charge of DNA
negative
forensic anthropology
study of skeletal remains to determine identity, human origin, and to solve crimes
biometrics
scientific technology used to identify a person
biometrics examples
iris scan, retina scan, fingerprinting, face scan, voice scan
long bones
bone that has 2 ends and a middle
short bones
bones that are small cubes
irregular bones
not short, long, or flat
flat bones-examples
sternum, cranial cap bones
long bones-examples
femur, humerus, metacarpal
short bones-examples
carpals and tarsals
irregular bones-examples
pelvis, vertebrae
tissues-identity
tissues are a part of you and they are made out of the proteins from your DNA
restriction enzymes come from
bacteria
respiratory and reproductive system
provides oxygen to the baby