15 terms

Period 4: Era of Reforms APUSH

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Terms in this set (...)

Cotton Belt
Southern region in the US where most of the cotton is grown/deep; stretched from South Carolina to Georgia to the new states in the southwest frontier; had the highest concentration of slaves
Slave Codes
Laws that established the status of slaves denying them basic rights and classifying them as the property of slaveholders
Second Great Awakening
A series of religious revivals starting in 1801, based on Methodism and Baptism. Stressed a religious philosophy of salvation through good deeds and tolerance for all Protestant sects. The revivals attracted women, Blacks, and Native Americans.
Charles Finney
Presbyterian minister who is credited and is known as the "Father of modern Revivalism"; advocated the abolition of slavery and equal education for women and African Americans
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Advocate of women right's, including the right to vote; organized (with Lucretia Mott) the first women's rights convention at Seneca Falls, NY
Dorothea Dix
Pioneer in the moment for special treatment for the mentally ill
Horace Mann
Massachusetts educator who called for publicly funded education for all children; called the "Father of Public Education in America"
Utopian Communities
Idealistic reform movement based on the belief that a perfect society could be created on Earth; significant Utopian experiments were established at New Harmony, Indiana, Book Farm, Massachusetts and the Oneida Community in New York; usually such attempts were short-lived
William Lloyd Garrison
Radical abolitionist in Massachusetts who published the liberator, an antislavery newspaper
Hudson River School 1825-1875
The first native school of painting in the US; painted primarily landscapes; themes included deep nationalism, grandeur of nature, and transcendentalism
Transcendentalism
Philosophical and literary movement that believed God existed within human being and nature; believed intuition was the highest source of knowledge; advocated for introspection by surrounding oneself with nature
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Philosopher, writer, and poet who became a central figure in the Transcendalist movement in American
Henry David Thoreau
Writer and naturalist; with Ralph Waldo Emerson, he was one of America's best known transcendentalists
Richard Allen
African American minister who established the first independent African American denomination in the US, the African Methodist Episcopalian Church
Missouri Compromise of 1820
Allowed Missouri to enter the union as a slave state, Maine to enter the union as a free state, prohibited slavery north of latitude 36˚ 30' within the Louisiana Territory (1820)

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