14 terms

Period 4: Manifest Destiny APUSH

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Terms in this set (...)

Erie Canal (1817-1825)
350 mile canal built by the state of NY that stretched from Buffalo to Albany; the canal revolutionized shipping in NY and opened up new markets (evidence of the Market Revolution)
National Road (1811)
AKA Cumberland Road; first significant road built in the US at the expense of the federal government; stretched from the Potomac River to the Ohio River
Mason-Dixon Line
Boundary between PA and MD that marked the division between free and slave states before the Civil War
Louisiana Purchase (1803)
U.S. purchased the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million, doubling the size of the U.S. and giving the U.S. full control of the Mississippi River
Lewis and Clark expedition (1804-1806)
Expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark
Adams-Onis Treaty (1819)
Treaty between the U.S. and Spain that ceded Florida to the U.S
Monroe Doctrine (1823)
President Monroe's unilateral declaration that the Americas would be closed to further European colonization and that the U.S. would not allow European interference in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere; in return the U.S. pledged to stay out of European conflicts and affairs; significant foreign policy state that lasted through most of the 19th century
Oregon Treaty of 1846
After years of conflict over ownership of the Pacific Northwest, the U.S. and England established the boundary at 49° latitude, essentially splitting the Oregon Country down the middle
Manifest Destiny
Popular belief amongst early-19th century Americans that the U.S. was destined to expand across the North American continent, that this belief was obvious, and that God willed it to take place
Tecumseh
Shawnee leader who attempted to establish an Indian confederacy among tribes from around the continent that he hoped would be a barrier to white expansion; defeated at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811 by U.S. forces led by General William Henry Harrison, slowing the momentum of Pan-Indian unity
Indian Removal Act (1830)
Law that provided for the removal of all Indian tribes east of the Mississippi and the purchase of Indian lands for white resettlement
Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
A Supreme Court ruling that declared a state did not have the power to enforce laws on lands that were not under state jurisdiction; John Marshall wrote that the state of Georgia did not have the power to remove Indians; this ruling was largely ignored by President Andrew Jackson
Trail of Tears (1838)
Forced march of the Cherokee people from Georgia to Indian Territory in the winter; a large percentage of Cherokee died on the journey
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831, Marshall)
"The conditions of the Indians in relation to the United States is perhaps unlike that of any two people in existence," Chief Justice John Marshall wrote, "their relation to the United States resembles that of a ward to his guardian. . .(they were a) domestic dependent nation." Established a "trust relationship" with the tribes directly under federal authority.

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