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Anatomy and Physiology Practice Test

STUDY
PLAY
anatomy
study of organs and systems
microscopic anatomy
aka histology
physiology
study of functions of organs and systems
gross anatomy
seen with naked eye
protoplasm
cells composed of gel-like substance
cells
basic units of living matter
metabolism
building up larger molecules, break down larger molecules, and releasing energy
epithelial tissue
tissue that covers and protects
system
group of body structures that together perform one or more vital function of the body
osteology
study of bones
skeletal system
allowing body movement, produce red/white blood cells, and surrounds and protects internal organs
NOT
metacarpal is _____ bone of the cranium
maxillae
2 bones of upper jaw
2
thumb has _____ phalanges
striated muscles
by will
40 percent
muscles make up ____ of body weight
myology
study of muscles
anterior
aka in front
heart
only muscle of its kind in the body
belly
midsection of the muscle
epicranium
covered by the epicranius
insertion to origin
muscles affected by massgfe are manipulated from....
muscle
belly insertion origin are all parts of ____
oris orbicularis
muscle that circles mouth and responsible for puckering and wrinkling the lips
orbicularis oculi
muscle that circles eyesockeet and closes eyelid
zygomaticus
muscle controls laughter
abductor
seperate fingers
arteries
thick walled - away from heart
leukocytes
aka white blood cells fight bactreria
arteries
____ are thicker walled than veins
plasm
fluid part of blood
8-10 pints
adult has average of ____ of blood circulating through body
pulmonary circulation
phase where blood is oxygenated in the blood
veins
carry blood from capillaries to the heart
common carotid artery
supplies face head and neck
lymph
travels through glands and nodes filtering toxins
cerebrum
responsible for mental activity
peripheral nervous system
sensory and motor nerves extend from spinal cord nad brain to other body parts
trifacial nerve
cranial nerve transmits facial sensations to the brain
efferent
carries messages from brain to muscles
trifacial
largest of cranial nerves
facial
posterior auricular, temporal, zygomatic are all branches of ____ nerve
autonomic nervous systems
digestive, respiratory, and circulatory systems are controlled by ....
digestive system
includes pharynx, stomach, and esophagus
respiratory system
rsystem esponsible for taking oxygen in and exhailing carbon dioxide
excretory
system responsible for eliminating waste
liver
converts and neutralizes ammonia from circulatory system to urea
skin
largest organ of the body
skin, liver, and kidneys
belong to excretory system
endocrine system
responsible for growth reproduction and health of the body