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32 terms

Chapter 4 and Terminology Quiz

this is a practice for the upcoming quiz
STUDY
PLAY
a combing form is a _____ with a _____ attached.
root word / combining vowel
often a medical term is formed of _____ or more roots.
two
most medical terms have 3 basic parts: the _____, _____, and _____.
prefix / root / suffix
the root is the _____ of the term.
subject
the _____ is the word ending.
suffix
when a medical term has more than one root, it is joined together by a _____ (usually an _____)
combining vowel / o
cyt/o
cell
leuk/o
white
gluc/o
sugar
therm/o
heat
path/o
disease
-cele
hernia
-graphy
process of recording
oste/o
bone
end/o
within
spasm
contraction
dermat/o
skin
nas/o
nose
cyan/o
blue
my/o
muscle
-itis
inflammation
anatomy
the study of body structure
physiology
study of how the body functions
6 levels of organization
1. chemical 2. cell 3. tissue 4. organ 5. organ system
6. body as a whole
11 Body Systems "MC DELI RRUNS"
1. muscular 2. cardiovascular 3. digestive 4. endocrine
5. lymphatic 6. integumentary 7. reproductive 8. respiratory
9. urinary 10. nervous 11. skeletal
metabolism
all physical and chemical processes in which an organism is maintained
homeostasis
the steady state within the organism
whats is the main method of maintaining homeostasis
feedback
positive feedback
promotes more of the same activity
negative feedback
actions are reversed
catabolism
process of breaking down complex substances into simpler ones with release of energy
anabolism
process of building up complex substances from simple materials