A.P. US History Chapter 3
Terms in this set (37)
Severe religious leader, elaborated on Martin Luthers ideas. Started Calvinism.
The souls who had been chosen since the moment of creation, they were destined for eternal bliss.
God was all knowing and already knew who was to be saved and who wasn't. Good works could not save those who were destined to burn.
An intense identifiable experience in which God revealed to the elect their heavenly destiny.
Those who had experienced conversion and were expected to lead sanctified lives. They deomonstrated they were visible saints through their holy behavior.
English reformers who wished to undertake a total purification of English Christianity.
A tiny group of extreme puritans who vowed to break away from the Church of England.
The ship that carried a group of Separatists from Holland to New England in 1620.
A simple agreement to form a crude government and to submit to the will of the majority.
Institutes of the Christian Religion
Calvin spelled out his doctrine in a learned latin tome of 1536 in this.
The first governor of the Mass. Bay Colony, he was a pillar of English society. He was a successful attorney and manor lord in England.
Archbishop William Laud led the anti-puritan persecutions in 1629.
Prominent among the early clergy. He was educated at Cambridge and emigrated to New England to avoid persecution. He was profoundly pious.
The Mass. Bay Colony in which religious leaders wielded much power.
The dominant theological credo of puritans, Scottish presbyterians, and others. Started by John Calvin, preached predestination.
From the Greek "against the law" was high heresy. Anne Hutchinson committed this.
Claimed a holy life was no sign of salvation, the truely saved need not bother with laws. Brought to trial in 1638, claimed to have spoken directly with God and was banished. Most of her family died later on.
An extreme separatist, challenged the legality of the Bay Charter, condemned taking land from Indians, argued government and religion should not be related. Was to be exiled to England but fled to Rhode Island.
Rev. Thomas Hooker led a group of Boston Puritans into Hartford with ailing Mrs. hooker on a horse litter.
Massachusetts Bay Company
Formed by non-separatist puritans, fearing for their faith and Englands future they secured a royal charter to form their company.
New England Confederation
Exclusive puritan club, was made up of the Mass. Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, New Haven, and scattered settlements in Connecticut. Primary purpose was defense against foes such as the French and Dutch. Each colony regardless of size had two votes.
Dominion of New England
Created by royal authority in 1686. It included all of New England and was expanded later to include New York and both Jerseys. It was aimed at bolstering colonial defense and promoting efficiency in the administration of the Navigation Laws.
Sir Edmund Andros
Able English military man, but tactless. Generated much hostility in puritanical Boston due to his affiliation with the Church of England. His soldiers were all sinners and he put heavy restrictions on courts, press, and revoked land titles. He also enforced the navigation laws. When the dominion of New England fell, a Boston mob shipped Andros back to England.
Massasoit's son Metacom was called King Philip by the English. He forged an alliance and mounted a series of attacks on villages throughout New England. The war he started ended in 1676 with his execution.
Lost a leg while in the West Indies. Led a small military expedition in 1655, and took over the main Swedish fort after a bloodless siege. Although he was defeated without firing a shot after the English appeared in force near New Amsterdam.
Hoped to stitch Englands colonies more closely to England by throttling trade by the Americans with all countries not ruled by the English crown.
Doctrine of the covenant
Stated that the purpose of government was to enforce God's laws, which applied to believers and non-believers alike.
Agreement, often times religious.
Puritans who belonged to Puritan congregations.
Said to quake when under deep religious emotion. Refused to support the established church of England with taxes, congregated without a clergy, and were pacifists.
Involved serious commitment to work and to engagement in worldly pursuits.
In 1688-1689 this bloodless revolutin occured and the unpopular James II was dethroned and the Dutch born William III and his wife Mary (daughter of James II) were enthroned.
Attracted to Quaker faith at age 16. Started Pennsylvania colony.
Vast fuedal estates were granted to people who agreed to settle people on them. One Albany patroonship was slightly larger than Rhode Island.
The puritans who left Holland for the New World in search of religious toleration and a place where they could preserve their english way of life.
A fire of religious reform that licked across Europe dividing peoples and kindling spiritual fervor in millions.
It was in effect a modern constitution, which established a regime democratically controlled by the substantial citizens.
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