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Roman Test for Pre-Ap
Terms in this set (77)
ruling Etruscan family of Rome, Very cruel, enslaved people to make their lives comfortable
A people who inhabited early italy
People from the ancient country of Latium, an area in what is now the country of Italy.
Romulus and Remus
Traditional story of how Rome began. Twins abandoned and rescued by a wolf, raised by a shepherd . Grew to build Rome. Romulus later killed Remus
A mythical Greek warrior who was a leader on the Trojan side of the Trojan War.
not a king
groups of up to 6,000 soldiers
A system of rule where Romans gave full citizenship to some conquered peoples.
In ancient Rome, a member of the privileged upper class. Made up 10%
All non-land-owning, free men in Ancient Rome
Tribune of the Plebs
an official elected by the plebeians to protect their interests
Constituted of a mixed government including consuls, a senate, tribune, assembly of the tribes, ...
What form of government was the Roman Republic
Executive Branch of Rome
Made up of two consuls; elected by senate; 1 year terms
government officials who interpret the law and serve as judges
Legislative Branch of Rome
Senate and the Assembly
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
First Punic War
264 B.C. - 241 B.C., Rome and Carthage fought over island of Sicily, was a naval war, Rome was losing because they did not have a good navy, Romans figured out how to board the Carthage ships and fight them there, Romans gained control of Sicily, Corsica and Sardinia (Islands)
Carthaginian military commander who, in the Second Punic War, attempted a surprise attack on Rome, crossing the Alps with a large group of soldiers, horses, and elephants.
Second Punic War
218 B.C. - 202 B.C., Hannibal decides to attack Rome, Sneaks through Gaul with 60,000 troops and 60 Elephants, Wreaks havoc in Rome for 15 years, Roman general named Scipio attacked Carthage making Hannibal come back to Carthage
Battle of Zama
the battle in 202 BC in which Scipio decisively defeated Hannibal at the end of the second Punic War
Third Punic War (149-146 BC)
ended with the obliteration of Carthage.
Which Punic War lasted the longest
1st Punic War
Battle of Cannae (216 BC)
major victory by Hannibal and Carthaginian forces over Roman legions by means of a "double envelopment" in which the Roman forces were drawn into trap when the forces of the Carthaginians were able to outflank the Romans on both sides and attack them from the rear
Rome's first code of laws; adopted in 450 B.C.
The body of Roman law collected by order of the Byzantine emperor, Justinian around A.D. 534.
Code, Digest, Institutes, Novellae
4 parts of Justinian's Code
Roman general who commanded the invasion of Carthage in the second Punic War and defeated Hannibal at Zama (circa 237-183 BC)
Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero are emperors in this category.
Roman name for the Mediterranean
Began from an army that took over and conquered. Neighbors were taken over by this army and all the land turned into an empire
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
Two brothers who served as Roman tribunes who tried to address Rome's problems by creating frame for poor Roman and selling food cheaply to poor citizens. Both were killed-people began to see violence as a political weapon.
Powerful commander -- earned his men's loyalty; general who used his army for his political advantage -- started a civil war in Rome; killed his enemies; reduced power of tribunes, more power to patricians
A group of three rulers
Julius Caesar, Pompey, Crassus
100-44 B.C. Roman general who became the republic's dictator in 45 B.C.
Ides of March
March 15, 44 BC the day Ceasar was murdered
Part of the second triumvirate whom the power eventually shifted to. Assumed the name Augustus Caesar, and became emperor. Was the end of the Roman Republic and the start of the Pax Romana.
Antony, Octavian, Lepidus
Battle of Actium
battle between Marcus Antony and Octavian for control of the empire. Octavian won in 31 B.C.
last pharaoh of Egypt; had relationships with Julius Caesar and Marc Antony; Octavian's enemy
Rome's greatest public speaker
A perfect storm
Government grew weak, army was powerful
Emperor pays the army to keep him in power
in 50 years they had 22 emperors
Education declined, the wealthy stopped paying taxes
food shortage, prices soar
made more coins to stop the inflation
coins not pure so people started to barter
Divided the empire into 4 portions
sets prices and wages
Last massive massacre on the Christians
required workers to stay at the same job
Sons followed in their fathers occupation
Moved the capital to Byzantium
renamed the capital Constantinople
Converted Rome into Christianity
He divides the Roman Empire into two different empires (Roman & Byzantine). He also makes Christianity the only religion you could be.
-Feared the Huns
-allowed into Rome
-two weeks taking all the valuables
Germanic barbarian leader who ended the western Roman Empire in 476 and became the first barbarian ruler of Italy (434-493)
Last emperor before the fall of Rome
A structure that carries water over long distances
A large stadium in ancient Rome where athletic events took place
a Roman outdoor arena in which public games, such as chariot races, were held
A person trained to fight another person to the death for public entertainment
Places where people gathered to wash themselves, hear the latest news, and exchange gossip
amount of people who lived in Rome
When did men and women become adults?
women became adults when they were 14, men when they were 15
What percent of Romans were slaves
the endurance of pain or hardship without a display of feelings and without complaint.
What language did the Romans speak?
Greek anatomist whose theories formed the basis of European medicine until the Renaissance (circa 130-200)
Roman geographer-astronomer and author of Guide to Geography which included maps containing a grid system of latitude and longitude.
A group of gods; a group of people so accomplished in a skill or field that they seem like gods
Classical Roman poet, author of Aenied
A literary work that criticizes human misconduct and ridicules vices, stupidities, and follies.
Poems that express strong emotions about life
Livy and Tacitus
a curved structure used as a support over an open space, as in a doorway
A Roman general who was elected consul seven times- he is known for the big changes he made to the Roman army, making it easier for men to be Roman soldiers
restored order and established a military rule after the death of Marcus Aurelius, "pay the soldiers and ignore everyone else," was their motto
Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius
male head of family
large farming estates
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